Can ADHD have an adulthood onset?

[Can ADHD have an adulthood onset?] Encephale. 2019 Jun 26;: Authors: Ilario C, Alt A, Bader M, Sentissi O Abstract ADHD is the most common psychiatric disorder of childhood. It is considered to be a neurodevelopmental disorder that may persist from chilhood into adulthood. In childood it is associated with several outcomes such as inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Symptoms may change as a person gets older with an increased risk of developing psychiatric comorbidities such as depression, anxiety and substance addiction. However, recent studies diverge from the traditional perspective. These authors hypothesized that ADHD may appear in adulthood, not as a continuation of child ADHD, but some limitations have to be considered. Firstly, ADHD often goes unrecognized throughout childhood. Secondly, families may help the children to develop compensation strategies and adaptative behaviors. The purpose of this report is to better investigate these different and innovative clinical results and understand if adult ADHD could really be considered as a distinct, different pathology, as a late-onset disorder. We conducted a brief review of literature and included the most recent scientific longitudinal follow-up cohort studies. We conclude that, while adult ADHD is still considered a continuation from childhood, many questions of late-onset ADHD remain and further research is necessary to better understand and explain the etiology, the development, the cli...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

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DiscussionAll cases were females with long-standing B/P type AN, often with multiple purging behaviors, other impulsive and non-impulsive comorbidities, and many environmental vulnerabilities. Different motivations were found for these extreme behaviors in addition to ED-related factors, mostly not related to suicide. The severity of the medical and psychological condition required multimodal medical and psychological inpatient interventions. The patients mostly did not comply with their treatment, showing considerable indifference to their grave medical condition.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Across the landscape of mental health research and diagnosis, there is a diverse range of questionnaires and interviews available for use by clinicians and researchers to determine patient treatment plans or investigate internal and external etiologies. Although individually, these tools have each been assessed for their validity and reliability, there is little research examining the consistency between them in terms of what symptoms they assess, and how they assess those symptoms. Here, we provide an analysis of 126 different questionnaires and interviews commonly used to diagnose and screen for 10 different disorder typ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionPhysical exercise intervention in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy for individuals with Internet gaming disorder seems to improve the severity of internet use and depressive mood and enhance left prefrontal activation.Graphical abstract
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractSocial networking sites (SNSs) are now used by billions of users worldwide and can help facilitate communication and the sharing of information. However, there is evidence that problematic SNS use (PSNSU) can have negative effects on health. The present study examined the associations between PSNSU, sleep quality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, anxiety and stress among SNS users. A total of 638 SNS users (mean age  = 32.03 years, SD = 10.08) completed an online survey comprising instruments assessing SNS addiction, sleep quality, ADHD, depression, anxie...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net takes a look at what to do if you think your child is at risk for mental illness, why self-regulation is so important for people with ADHD, the symptoms of problematic smartphone use, and the mental and physical fatigue that often accompanies chronic illness, and more.     Does Mental Illness Run in Families?: What should you do if you suspect your child is at risk of developing a mental disorder — especially when mental illness runs in your family? According to psychologist Scott Bea PsyD, an important first step is helping your child build resilience, a persona...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ADHD and ADD Anxiety and Panic Autism Children and Teens Depression Disorders Family General Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Asd Bipolar Disorder Source Type: blogs
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Meng-Chuan Lai, Caroline Kassee, Richard Besney, Sarah Bonato, Laura Hull, William Mandy, Peter Szatmari, Stephanie H AmeisSummaryBackgroundCo-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions are common in autism, impairing quality of life. Reported prevalences of co-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions in people with autism range widely. Improved prevalence estimates and identification of moderators are needed to enhance recognition and care, and to guide future research.MethodsIn this systematic review and meta-analysis...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Discussion Parental bonding and adolescents ’ Internet addiction are related to depression and anxiety in parents of adolescents with ADHD.
Source: Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate relationships of Internet addiction (IA) and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) symptom severities with probable attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and aggression among university students, while controlling the effects of anxiety and depressive symptoms. The study was conducted with online survey among 1509 volunteered university students in Ankara who regularly use the Internet, among whom we conducted analyses related with IA. Among these students, 987 of them, who play video games, were included in the analyses related with IGD. Correlation analyses revealed...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Rui Yan1, ShiWan Tao1, HaiYan Liu1, Yu Chen1, JiaBo Shi1, YuYin Yang1, RongXin Zhu1, ZhiJian Yao1,2* and Qing Lu3,4*1Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China2Nanjing Brain Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China3School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China4Child Development and Learning Science, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education, Nanjing, ChinaBackground: Major depressive disorders often involve somatic symptoms and have been found to have fundamental differences from non-somatic depressi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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