Alcohol and pregnancy policies: Birth outcomes & prenatal care use by race

(Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation) This research examines whether effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies vary by race.Results show that the effect of alcohol/pregnancy policies varied by race for preterm birth, varied in a few cases for low birthweight, and generally did not vary for prenatal care use.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Harsh measures, or even threats of them, can lead to the avoidance of prenatal care entirely.
Source: NYT - Category: American Health Authors: Tags: Pregnancy and Childbirth Alcoholic Beverages Babies and Infants Women and Girls Child Abuse and Neglect Source Type: news
Antenatal clinical guidelines recommend that during initial and subsequent antenatal visits all pregnant women: have their alcohol consumption assessed; be advised that it is safest not to consume alcohol duri...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
National Institute of alcohol and alcoholism define Problem/risky use of alcohol as drinking in a way that can negatively impact our health and life, but the body is not physically dependent on the substance. ...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
s Recent research has found that most U.S. state policies related to alcohol use during pregnancy adversely impact health. Other studies indicate that state policymaking around substance use in pregnancy—especially in the U.S.—appears to be influenced by an anti-abortion agenda rather than by public health motivations. This commentary explores the ways that scientists’ aversion to abortion appear to influence science and thus policymaking around alcohol and pregnancy. The three main ways abortion aversion shows up in the literature related to alcohol use during pregnancy include: (1) a shi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
This study was undertaken to elucidate probable mechanisms of myocardial damage induced by prenatal and early postnatal ethanol treatment. Pregnant Wistar rats received ethanol 4.5 g/kg BW once per day from the seventh day of gestation (GD7) throughout lactation. The oxidative stress injury of the myocardium in pups was evaluated by measuring levels of oxidative stress biomarkers. Histopathological examinations and Western blot were performed to evaluate histological features, apoptosis, and molecular alterations in the myocardial tissue of male pups on the postnatal day 21 (PN-21) and postnatal day 90 (PN-90). The re...
Source: Cell Stress and Chaperones - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Stress Chaperones Source Type: research
This study fills that gap by including all mothers in specified areas. A cohort study examines MLH in Cape Town, South Africa recruited in pregnancy and followed repeatedly for 5  years, compared to MWOH. Almost all (98%) pregnant women in 12 neighborhoods (N = 594) were recruited in pregnancy. Mothers and children were reassessed five times over 5 years with high retention rates at each of the six assessments, from 98.7% at 2 weeks to 82.8% at 5 years post-birth. ML H’s uptake and adherence to HIV care was evaluated over time associated with maternal comorbidities of alcohol use, de...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CHICAGO (AP) — Pregnancy started out rough for Leslie Siu. Morning sickness and migraines had her reeling and barely able to function at a demanding New York marketing job, so like rising numbers of U.S. mothers-to-be, she turned to marijuana. “l was finally able to get out from under my work desk,” said Siu, who later started her own pot company and says her daughter, now 4, is thriving. There’s no proof that cannabis can relieve morning sickness, and mainstream medicine advises against use in pregnancy because of studies suggesting it might cause premature birth, low birthweight and infant brain d...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Marijuana Source Type: news
Authors: La Fauci V, Squeri R, Genovese C, Alessi V, Facciolà A Abstract Many investigations have shown the important role played by risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol and infectious agents (especially Rubella) in the development of congenital anomalies (CAs). Through the administration of a questionnaire, we evaluated the attitude of a population of pregnant women towards some risk factors in pregnancy (smoking and alcohol habit and risk of contracting one of TORCH agents). 14% of the women continued to smoke despite pregnancy; the majority of these were 34-35 years old, divorced, workers and w...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-CampagnaSummaryBackgroundConcerns are rising about the late adverse events following gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. We aimed to assess, over a 7-year period, the late adverse events after gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy compared with matched control groups.MethodsIn this nationwide, observational, population-based, cohort study, we used data extracted from ...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Contributors : Philipp Mews ; Gabor Egervari ; Raffaella Nativio ; Simone Sidoli ; Greg Donahue ; Sonia I Lombroso ; Desi C Alexander ; S L Riesche ; Elizabeth A Heller ; Eric J Nestler ; Benjamin A Garcia ; Shelley L BergerSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusIn the adult brain, epigenetic control of gene expression has important roles in the processing of neural activity. Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetic regulation is dependent on metabolic state, implicating specific metabolic factors in neural functions that drive behavior. In neurons, histone acetylation is d...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
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