Probing the temporal dynamics of movement inhibition in motor imagery.

Probing the temporal dynamics of movement inhibition in motor imagery. Brain Res. 2019 Jun 25;:146310 Authors: Solomon JP, Kraeutner SN, Bardouille T, Boe SG Abstract Beyond the lack of overt movement in motor imagery (MI), MI is thought to be functionally equivalent to motor execution (ME). Two theories appear viable to explain the neural mechanism underlying the inhibition of movement in MI, with one suggesting the inhibition of movement in MI occurs early in the planning process, and the other suggesting it occurs after the planning for movement is compete. Here we sought to generate evidence related to the timing of movement inhibition in MI. Participants performed a motor task via MI and ME that had distinct preparation and performance phases, with brain activity obtained throughout. Analysis of sensor-level data was performed to isolate event related desynchrony (ERD) in the mu and beta frequency bands in both a sensorimotor and left parietal region of interest (ROI). The magnitude of ERD in the sensorimotor ROI was significantly greater in ME than MI during both the preparatory and performance phases. The reduced ERD in the mu and beta frequency bands in the sensorimotor ROI during the preparatory phase for MI, compared to ME, suggests that movement planning is inhibited (or at least reduced) in MI, contributing to the lack of movement occurs during the process of movement planning. While past work has shown that the networks of functional brain a...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

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