Poverty, Toxic Stress, and Education in Children Born Preterm
Discussion The negative effect of poverty and toxic stress on children born preterm, as depicted by the eco-bio-developmental model, is supported by this analysis. Healthcare providers are encouraged to address the tripartite vulnerability resulting from prematurity, poverty, and toxic stress.
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 188Author(s): Felicia W. Chu, Kristy vanMarle, Mary K. Hoard, Lara Nugent, John E. Scofield, David C. GearyAbstractIn a preschool through first grade longitudinal study, we identified groups of children with persistently low mathematics achievement (n = 14) and children with low achievement in preschool but average achievement in first grade (n = 23). The preschool quantitative developments of these respective groups of children with mathematical learning disability (MLD) and recovered children and a group of typically achieving...
In this study, the prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis determined by hexon gene PCR in patients with clinical diagnosis of acute conjunctivitis was similar to the prevalence rate reported in other regions of the world. In our region, more than one type of hAdV type was associated with acute conjunctivitis. The predominant type was determined as hAdV-8 with a 63% ratio. These results will significantly contribute to the molecular epidemiology of hAdV types in conjunctivitis cases. PMID: 31414631 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: 17 August 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 243, Issue 3243Author(s): Helen ThomsonAn epidemic of perfectionism is sweeping across the world. That has alarming implications for our mental health, finds Helen Thomson
Central neuropathic pain can be difficult to treat and, subsequently, cause a great amount of disability and distress to patients, which limits quality of life. Common etiologies include the following: stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, infection, vasculitis, and malignancy. This case is a description of an 18-yr-old male patient diagnosed with a grade IV diffuse glioma who experienced severe neuropathic pain refractory to first-line treatment options including the following: gabapentinoids, tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. The patient remained on high-...
Conclusion In the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, KT alone was found to be as effective as steroid injection alone. However, co-administration of steroid injection and KT is more effective compared with each treatment alone.
This article is part of the Special Issue “Seizures &Stroke”
CONCLUSIONS: In a large community-based sample in middle to early old age, bipolar disorder and depression were associated with lower visuospatial memory performance, in part potentially due to psychotropic medication use. Mood disorders and their treatments will have increasing importance for population cognitive health as the proportion of older adults continues to grow. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: I.J.D. is a UK Biobank participant. J.P.P. is a member of the UK Biobank Steering Committee. PMID: 31412972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Manuel ValléeAbstractIn recent decades pharmaceutical consumption has skyrocketed, growing from $43 US billion in 1985 to over $1143 billion in 2017. In trying to understand the source of this growth, social scientists have identified the key actors driving medication use and the processes through which they are driving it. However, much less attention has been devoted to understanding the forces that constrain medication consumption. This information is crucial for developing a deeper understanding of medication consumpt...
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