How to Integrate Labor Disruption into an Economic Impact Evaluation Model for Postdisaster Recovery Periods
This article emphasizes the importance of considering labor disruption when evaluating the economic impact of natural disasters. Based on the principle of disasters and resilience theory, our model integrates nonlinear recovery of labor losses and the demand of labor from outside the disaster area into the dynamic evaluation of the economic impact in the postdisaster recovery period. We exemplify this through a case study: the flood disaster that occurred in Wuhan city, China, on July 6, 2016 (the “7.6 Wuhan flood disaster”). The results indicate that (i) the indirect economic impacts of the “7.6 Wuhan flood disaster” will underestimate 15.12% if we do not consider labor disruption; (ii) the economic impact in secondary industry caused by insufficient labor forces accounts for 42.27% of its total impact, while that in the tertiary industry is 36.29%, which can cause enormous losses if both industries suffer shocks; and (iii) the agricultural sector of Wuhan city experiences an increase in output demand of 0.07% that is created by the introduction of 50,000 short‐term laborers from outside the disaster area to meet the postdisaster reconstruction need. These results provide evidence for the important role of labor disruption and prove that it is a nonnegligible component of postdisaster economic recovery and postdisaster reduction.
ConclusionGiven our findings, conservative treatment should be compared to surgical treatment for displaced fractures and the anterior approach should be compared to the posterior one for surgical cases.Level of evidenceIV.
ConclusionsThe levels of urinary miRNAs are valuable biomarkers for idiopathic ONFH. Given the noninvasive nature of this test, it is potentially useful for diagnosis and monitoring of idiopathic ONFH progression.
ConclusionThere was no statistically significant different between knotless versus knotted medial row double row rotator cuff repair constructs using suture tape in regard to displacement across the repair site, stiffness and ultimate load to failure. Despite previous evidence suggesting inferiority of knotless medial row technique using suture constructs, this evidence may support the biomechanical equivalency of knotless medial row technique using suture tape.
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): HongVan Le, Ann Shue, Sharon F. FreedmanAbstractPurposeTo investigate the magnitude of reduction in the axial length (AL) and corneal diameter following glaucoma drainage device (GDD) placement and intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction in glaucoma patients
Authors: Khan SU, Ullah I, Ahmed I, Imran A, Ullah N PMID: 32083611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: For peripheral lung cancer, the measurement on CT and routine MRI sequences can potentially replace each other after comprehensive consideration of examination purposes, but for central lung cancer, alternative use of CT and MRI in evaluating treatment responses for lung cancer should needs extra attention. The diameter measurement of lung cancer on DWI is consistent with that on T1WI and T2WI, suggesting that DWI can provide functional and morphological information. PMID: 32083610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study was, therefore, conducted to evaluate the effectiveness WASH education program on households' WASH performance in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. Method: An uncontrolled before-and-after intervention study was conducted. Baseline and endline surveys were done among 225 and 302 randomly selected households with under-5 children, respectively, using a structured questionnaire and observational checklists. Percent point change was used to see the effect of the intervention. Pearson χ2 and Fisher exact tests were used to test for statistically significant percentage point changes on the basis of P
Authors: Timmermans-Sprang E, Collin RWJ, Henkes A, Philipsen M, Mol JA Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.26873.]. PMID: 32082491 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Visochek L, Atias D, Spektor I, Castiel A, Golan T, Cohen-Armon M Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.27268.]. PMID: 32082490 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lopez S, Perrone E, Bellone S, Bonazzoli E, Zeybek B, Han C, Tymon-Rosario J, Altwerger G, Menderes G, Bianchi A, Zammataro L, Manzano A, Manara P, Ratner E, Silasi DA, Huang GS, Azodi M, Schwartz PE, Raspagliesi F, Angioli R, Buza N, Hui P, Bond HM, Santin AD Abstract Background: Uterine and ovarian carcinosarcomas (CS) are rare cancers with poor prognosis. Sacituzumab-govitecan (SG) is a new class of antibody-drug-conjugate (ADC) targeting the human-trophoblast-cell-surface marker (Trop-2) conjugated with the active metabolite of irinotecan (SN-38). We evaluated the efficacy of SG against biologically ag...