Incidence of Symptomatic Pulmonary Embolus and Deep Vein Thrombosis After Knee Arthroscopy in the Pediatric and Adolescent Population

Conclusions: The incidence of VTE after pediatric sports medicine knee arthroscopies is low, 0.27%. Patients who present with calf swelling or pain, chest pain, or shortness of breath after arthroscopic surgery should be examined closely. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: In young patients without risk factors developing a deep venous thrombosis, an inferior vena cava anomaly should be considered. Although no therapeutic consensus has been currently established, inferior vena cava agenesis seems to be associated with a high prevalence of thrombophilic disorders. Screening could be useful, particularly in patients with a thrombotic family history. PMID: 31611029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Renal vein aneurysms (RVA)s are uncommon entities, which are usually incidental findings or may cause mild non specific symptoms. Modern radiological imaging, mainly multi slice computerized tomography (CT), has substantially contributed to a prompt and accurate diagnosis. Treatment may range from watchful waiting to aneurysmorraphy, aneurysmectomy and nephrectomy. Potential complications include thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, pressure to other structures and rupture.Case: A 58-year-old male patient was admitted at the Emergency Department with abdominal pain.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Gong M, Zhao B, He X, Gu J, Chen G Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the rescue of thrombolysis with the recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) alteplase was an effective and safe therapeutic option in patients who did not respond to urokinase. Between February 2016 and February 2017, 26 patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) underwent rescue thrombolysis with alteplase. Unsuccessful thrombolysis with urokinase was defined as a lack of improvement in the degree of thrombotic removal with a lysis rate 3 million units of total urokinase, or>7 days infusion dura...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
We present a case of a 68-year-old Hispanic female with a history of factor VII deficiency who presented with shortness of breath, chest pain, and palpitations and was found to have pulmonary embolism. Our patient did not have any of the above-mentioned thrombotic risk factors. Our case and review of the literature show that factor VII deficiency does not provide protection against thrombosis. PMID: 31590173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Acta Haematol Source Type: research
Authors: James J, Thulaseedharan NK, Jayachandran NV, Geetha P Abstract Lemierres syndrome (LS) refers to suppurative thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein (IJV) secondary to oropharyngeal infection. It is caused by the anaerobic bacteria Fusobacterium necrophorum. Here we report a case of LS secondary to retropharyngeal abscess in a pregnant lady with possible underlying connective tissue disorder. A 19-year old primigravida at 6-weeks of gestation, presented with fever, cough, dyspnea, right sided neck pain and swelling. Imaging showed right lower lobe pneumonia with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and pleura...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Jawhar A, Skeirek D, Stetzelberger V, Obertacke U Abstract BACKGROUND: The use of the tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty is still a subject of controversial discussion. Previous studies mainly focus on parameters like blood loss and operation time. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the postoperative outcome involving parameters such as pain intensity, analgesic consumption, knee function and complication rate with and without tourniquet use, to find a recommendation for future application in total knee arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review is based on the PRISMA Checklists. ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research
Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
A 40-something male with no PMH of any kind presented  to urgent care on a weekend (cath team is at home) with cough starting 2 weeks prior and SOB one week prior.He underwent a chest x-ray:As this was consistent with " pulmonary edema vs. viral infection, " and he was transferred to the EDThe faculty physician did an immediate cardiac and lung ultrasound:Many B lines (probable pulmonary edema)Parasternal short axis cardiac ultrasound:The anterior wall is closest to the transducer and shows an obvious wall motion abnormalityFurther history:The patient denied chest pain but stated that he had had ab...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
r M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Fast track concepts are used to reduce the risk of perioperative and postoperative complications after total knee arthroplasty. INDICATIONS: The described concepts are used for patients with indications for the implantation of a total knee prosthesis. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Contraindications for fast track concepts are aged patients, dementia, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade IV and implantation of large revision or tumor prostheses. Contraindications for tranexamic acid are bleeding in the urinary tract, caution in cases of known epilepsy, individual risk assessment ...
Source: Operative Orthopadie und Traumatologie - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Oper Orthop Traumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionsLower extremity venous aneurysms continue to represent a rare yet potentially morbid vascular disease. Symptomatic patients demonstrated a clear benefit from surgery vs conservative management. Larger, multicenter studies are required to properly characterize the natural history and management of this disease.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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