Researchers' Perceived Challenges in Studying Chronic Kidney Disease of Nontraditional Etiology in Mesoamerica.

CONCLUSIONS Producing high quality and clinically relevant studies to address chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology in the resource-scarce Mesoamerican research climate has been fraught with challenges. These findings contextualize the progress that has been made in understanding chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology to date and highlight the need for public health and biomedical organizations to support researchers' ongoing efforts to engage all stakeholders in addressing the epidemic, disseminate their research findings and identify feasible strategies for addressing the community-wide suffering caused by chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology. KEYWORDS Chronic kidney disease, chronic renal insufficiency, chronic renal failure, chronic kidney failure, interstitial nephritis, qualitative research, epidemiology, occupational health, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Mesoamerica, Nicaragua. PMID: 31242161 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research

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This study evaluated associations of serum matrix Gla protein (MGP), plasma vitamin K1, and plasma vitamin K2 with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Methods: Subjects comprised 112 MHD patients aged 30-60 years and 40 age-matched healthy subjects. Total MGP, vitamin K1, vitamin K2, and lipid profile were examined in all subjects; other clinical data, medication use, and CACS were assessed only in MHD patients. Determinants of MGP in all subjects were identified by regression analysis. Factors associated with CACS and CVD in MHD patients ...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Conclusions: 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT can increase the sensitivity and consistency of preoperative localization of eutopic parathyroid glands, and it can accurately locate ectopic parathyroid without sensitivity improvement. PMID: 31537128 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Health guru Sarah Wilson inspired millions around the world to 'quit sugar' - but she's no longer actively involved with her online diet club. Now, she wants to talk about a new health concern: anxiety.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
oft Rubella is a systemic virus infection that is usually mild. It can, however, cause severe birth defects known as the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) when infection occurs early in pregnancy. As many as 8%–13% of children with CRS developed autism during the rubella epidemic of the 1960s compared to the background rate of about 1 new case per 5000 children. Rubella infection and CRS are now rare in the U.S. and in Europe due to widespread vaccination. However, autism rates have risen dramatically in recent decades to about 3% of children today, with many cases appearing after a period of normal developme...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and CognitionAuthor(s): Steven C. Pan, Jarrett T. Lovelett, Vicky Phun, Timothy C. RickardRepeatedly switching between a series of to-be-learned topics, also called interleaved practice, can improve learning over traditional, one-topic-at-a-time blocked practice. We investigated whether interleaving's benefits for second language learning are facilitated by random schedules, wherein training trials follow unpredictable patterns, or by systematically alternating schedules, wherein trials are predictably sorted. Students learned...
Source: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Kang SH, Kim MY, Baik SK Abstract Until 1995, the incidence of symptomatic acute hepatitis A was minimal and there were no cases of national outbreak in Korea. However, there was a nationwide outbreak of hepatitis A that peaked in 2009. In 2019, a total of 10,083 cases of acute hepatitis A were reported for seven months of the year according to the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This may be attributed to the proportion of susceptible subjects in the Korean population, as about 10 years have passed since herd immunity was induced by the epidemic occurring during the late 2000s. Recent stud...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: LWT, Volume 117Author(s): M. Espert, A. Salvador, T. Sanz, M.J. HernándezAbstractFlow behaviour and viscoelastic properties at three different temperatures (20, 45 and 70 °C) of cocoa filling creams have been studied. These creams were composed of cocoa, starch, sugar, skimmed milk powder and non-digestible cellulose ether emulsions as fat source. Two types of methylcelluloses, MC, and two types of hydroxypropyl methylcelluloses, HPMC, with different chemical substitution degrees were employed. Results showed important differences in zero shear viscosity and shear thinning...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study was carried out with samples belonging to 140 horses residing in Spain and showing common clinical signs of EP. A blood smear microscopic examination and a comparison between the different results obtained by competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (cELISA), real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and hematological and biochemical (direct and total bilirubin) screening were conducted. EP positivity rates by cELISA and PCR were 50.7% and 42.9%, respectively, whereas only 9% of the horses were positive in the microscopic analysis. A significantly higher number of B. caballi-positive horses were detected by...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Alessandra Longo, Carmen Losasso, Federica Vitulano, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Sara Turchetto, Sara Petrin, Claudio Mantovani, Maria Cristina Dalla Pozza, Elena Ramon, Gabriella Conedera, Carlo V. Citterio, Antonia Ricci, Lisa Barco, Antonia Anna LettiniAbstractAn unusual mortality of wild boars occurred in Italy from 2012 to 2015 due to Salmonella Choleraesuis infection.In order to confirm the occurrence of an outbreak of S. Choleraesuis in wild boars and to epidemically characterise the unique S. Choleraesuis biovar, a collection of...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The etiological diagnosis of hereditary urinary lithiasis in our study was made with considerable delay. Cystinuria was the most frequent etiology and primary hyperoxaluria was the most serious affection. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4. PMID: 31537493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
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