High hepatitis B virus seroprevalence in pregnant women coming from middle and high-endemicity countries: An unresolved issue

In a recent issue of Digestive and Liver Disease, Lembo et al. [1] presented an interesting survey on hepatitis B and hepatitis C prevalence in pregnancy in Southern Italy. Regarding hepatitis B virus (HBV), analyzing a cohort of 7,558 pregnant women, a prevalence of 0.5% was reported. Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) seroprevalence was significantly higher among the 569 foreigners compared to the 5,559 Italian women (3% vs. 0.2%, p  
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

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Authors: Clipa A, Şuţa M, Dumitru E, Muflic L PMID: 31803280 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
This study investigated the interaction of synthesized immunogenic ‘a’ determinant (aD) region of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) with PAMAM G4 and anti-HBsAg antibody, as a potential bio-nanogate for anti-HBsAg detection. The aD peptide fused with maltose binding protein (MBP), was confirmed with Western blotting. Nano-Differential Scanning Fluorimetry (nano-DSF) study revealed that the interaction of MBP-aD with anti-HBsAg indicated a higher thermal stability as compared to its interaction with PAMAM G4. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that a higher binding constant of MBP-aD interacti...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The ailment was intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, which causes a toxic womb environment and can lead to stillbirths.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions: We identified 19 quality indicators to measure early pregnancy care provided by EPAUs.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONTEXT: Domestic violence is violation of basic human rights, and poses a threat to the physical, mental, and social health aspects of women and her children. The causation of domestic violence is precipitated by many risk factors. AIMS: Aim was to estima...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news
Legislators in Ohio, USA, have introduced a bill that would outlaw abortion and could charge doctors and patients with “abortion murder.” In ectopic pregnancies, doctors would be required to try to re-implant the pregnancy in the woman’s uterus. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
Dental trauma is a frequent occurrence in children and adolescent and a correct diagnosis and treatment are essential for a favourable long-term prognosis. The present Guidelines aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist dentists, paediatri...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-specific anxiety was found to significantly increase the risk of PTB and LBW in a military population. Understanding this relationship is essential in developing effective assessments and interventions. Results emphasize the importance of prenatal maternal mental health to fetal health and birth outcomes. Further research is needed to determine the specific physiological pathways that link prenatal anxiety and depression with poor birth outcomes. PMID: 31808825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Sitoris G, Veltri F, Kleynen P, Cogan A, Belhomme J, Rozenberg S, Pepersack T, Poppe K Abstract Backgound: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) have been associated with poor clinical pregnancy outcomes. However, these outcomes also depend on a number of demographic and obstetric variables. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the impact of thyroid disorders on these outcomes, after adjustment for associated demographic and obstetrical parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 1521 pregnant women who did their work-up and follow-up in our center and h...
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Vaccination, screening, and linkage to care can reduce the burden of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, recommendations vary among organizations, and their implementation has been suboptimal. The American College of Physicians' High Value Care Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed this article to present best practice statements for hepatitis B vaccination, screening, and linkage to care. Methods: A narrative literature review of clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, randomized trials, and intervention studies on hepatitis B vaccinatio...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
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