Surgical Complications After Thyroid Surgery: A 10-Year Experience at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

AbstractTo evaluate the incidence and predictive risk factors of complications in patients who underwent thyroid surgery at our hospital with a residency training program. This retrospective cohort study analyzed the complications in all patients who underwent thyroid surgery between January 2008 and December 2017. Demographic data, preoperative diagnosis based on fine needle aspiration cytology, surgical approach, permanent pathology, postoperative complications, and factors associated with complications were recorded. At our hospital, 456 patients underwent thyroidectomy. The most common surgical complications were asymptomatic biochemical hypocalcemia and symptomatic hypocalcemia in 109 (23.9%) and 50 (11%) patients, respectively. Other surgical complications included permanent hypocalcemia, transient vocal cord palsy, permanent vocal cord palsy, hematoma, seroma, chyle fistula, and Horner ’s syndrome. Mean age >  45 years and more extensive surgery were significantly associated with overall complications (P  =  0.003;   50 years and vitamin D level 
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Since most FN cytology has been pathologically diagnosed with papillary cancer and some papillary cancer subtypes have been unfavorable pathologically, total thyroidectomy should be the most suitable treatment option in this group. Lobectomy with LwI is not suitable for patients with FNAB-proven FN cytology. PMID: 31340635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
In conclusion, for a more precise diagnosis, we suggest these markers be included in what is currently available to characterize malignancy from what is not in thyroid cancer, as well as for the staging process of PTC. PMID: 31341476 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
This study was carried out to evaluate the requirement of routine thyroidectomise with total laryngectomy. An analysis of the final histology of 83 patients, who underwent the traditional treatment, together with the preoperative contrast enhanced CT scan was carried out. Among 58 cases of T3 carcinoma larynx 2 revealed thyroid involvement by metastasis (3.45%), 1 of them was suspected in preoperative CT and confirmed by FNAC. Among 25 cases of T4a carcinoma larynx 6 revealed thyroid involvement by direct extension (24%) with evidence of same in preoperative CT. Risk of thyroid involvement is low in T3 cases (3.45%) and is...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Julia I. Staubitz, Petra B. Musholt, Thomas J. MusholtAbstractFollicular thyroid carcinoma is the second most prevalent form of differentiated thyroid carcinoma, following papillary thyroid carcinoma. Preoperative diagnosis is hampered by the fact that fine-needle aspiration cytology as well as supplemental molecular analysis cannot unambiguously distinguish between follicular thyroid carcinoma and benign follicular thyroid adenoma. The 2017 WHO classification defines three histological subtype...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
To estimate the BRAFV600E mutation frequency in Chinese patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and the diagnostic value of BRAFV600E mutation status in thyroid nodules with indeterminate TBSRTC categories. A total of 4875 consecutive samples for thyroid ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and BRAFV600E mutation analysis were collected from patients at Jiangsu Province Hospital on Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine. Among all the cases, 314 underwent thyroidectomy. According to TBSRTC categories, FNAC was performed for a preoperative diagnosis. ROC of the subject was constructed to e...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research
Conclusions: The combination of US, cytology, and Tg measurement is necessary for diagnosing nodal metastasis from PTC. In cases with unclear primary PTC on US or cytology, the detection of nodal metastasis may be helpful for assessing primary PTC.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We describe a patient presenting with a large pelvic mass, in which a core needle biopsy was consistent with follicular-patterned thyroid tissue positive for a Q61RNRAS mutation and the C228TTERT promoter mutation. Upon clinical investigation, a 60-mm lesion was detected in the right thyroid lobe. The ensuing FNAB was consistent with a follicular thyroid tumor, Bethesda IV, positive for the sameNRAS mutation and both the C228T and C250TTERT promoter mutations. A total thyroidectomy was performed, and a widely invasive FTC was diagnosed. Tumor tissue samples from various parts of the primary lesion were investigated forTERT...
Source: Endocrine Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of defining the US characteristics of rare variants of thyroid neoplasms, since an early diagnosis is decisive in defining the patient's prognosis. PMID: 31140157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
ConclusionRCC is one of the most aggressive malignancies. A high index of suspension is crucial to detect its metastasis. As some lesions maybe missed because they lack the classical radiological findings or are found in atypical locations, in addition to the latent recurrence of RCC metastasis, a lifelong follow-up is recommended.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWhether thyroid nodules 4  cm or larger with benign cytology carry a higher risk of malignancy, and should be managed differently than smaller nodules remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate the malignancy rate and benign cytology false-negative rate in thyroid nodules ≥4 cm compared with those
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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