No Early Cancer Risk With Donor Lungs From Heavy Smokers

LOS ANGELES (IMNG) - Use of lungs from donors who smoked heavily does not worsen lung transplantation outcomes including risk for lung cancer death, at least in the medium term.At a median follow-up of...
Source: OncologySTAT Latest News - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Publication date: 2018 Source:Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, Volume 25 Author(s): Pradnya D. Patil, Samir Sultan, M. Frances Hahn, Sreeja Biswas Roy, Mitchell D. Ross, Hesham Abdelrazek, Ross M. Bremner, Nitika Thawani, Rajat Walia, Tanmay S. Panchabhai Patients under consideration for lung transplantation as treatment for end-stage lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) often have risk factors such as a history of smoking or concomitant emphysema, both of which can predispose the patient to lung cancer. In fact, IPF itself increases the risk of lung cancer development by 6.8% to 20%. Solid organ ma...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Rationale: Intrapleural hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) is the preferred method to locally treat lung cancer with pleural seeding. Anesthetic management during IPHC is a very challenging task for the anesthesiologist because of the hemodynamic instability associated with the procedure; however, there is no report on anesthetic considerations during the IPHC procedure. Patient concerns: Three patients who diagnosed lung cancer with pleural invasion scheduled for IPHC were reported in this case series. Diagnosis: Case 1, a 48-year-old woman, suffered from lung cancer (adenocarcinoma, T2NxM1a) with diffuse pleural se...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
This case series describes 90-day mortality of patients who required tracheal, bronchial, or carinal reconstruction using stented aortic allografts supported by muscle flaps for treatment of inoperable airway disease including lung cancer, tracheal stenosis, or tracheomalacia.
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
By DAVID SHAYWITZ, MD Randomized control trials – RCTs – rose to prominence in the twentieth century as physicians and regulators sought to evaluate rigorously the performance of new medical therapies; by century’s end, RCTs had become, as medical historian Laura Bothwell has noted, “the gold standard of medical knowledge,” occupying the top position of the “methodologic heirarch[y].” The value of RCTs lies in the random, generally blinded, allocation of patients to treatment or control group, an approach that when properly executed minimizes confounders (based on the presumption t...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
By DAVID SHAYWITZ, MD Randomized control trials – RCTs – rose to prominence in the twentieth century as physicians and regulators sought to evaluate rigorously the performance of new medical therapies; by century’s end, RCTs had become, as medical historian Laura Bothwell has noted, “the gold standard of medical knowledge,” occupying the top position of the “methodologic heirarch[y].” The value of RCTs lies in the random, generally blinded, allocation of patients to treatment or control group, an approach that when properly executed minimizes confounders (based on the presumption t...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
Authors: Bindels LB, Neyrinck AM, Loumaye A, Catry E, Walgrave H, Cherbuy C, Leclercq S, Van Hul M, Plovier H, Pachikian B, Bermúdez-Humarán LG, Langella P, Cani PD, Thissen JP, Delzenne NM Abstract Intestinal disorders often occur in cancer patients, in association with body weight loss, and this alteration is commonly attributed to the chemotherapy. Here, using a mouse model of cancer cachexia induced by ectopic transplantation of C26 cancer cells, we discovered a profound alteration in the gut functions (gut permeability, epithelial turnover, gut immunity, microbial dysbiosis) independently of any ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29700855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Transplant Source Type: research
We report our experience and the critical differences in the presentation of malignancy in kidney transplant patients performed at our tertiary care center and followed up over the period of 1990–2015. A total of 338 live donor transplants performed in 332 patients were analyzed. Induction immunosuppression was used in 22 cases with interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor antibody. Overall 299 patients were continued on calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based triple drug immunosuppression, 33 were off CNI with 13 of them receiving sirolimus additionally. A total of 16 malignancies including post transplant lymphoproliferative diseas...
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Scientists at the Vaccine and Immunotherapy Center (VIC) at Massachusetts General Hospital have uncovered a novel, two-agent immunotherapy combination that worked surprisingly well in animal models with malignant mesothelioma. The discovery has sparked new optimism for immunotherapy, which has struggled to provide consistently positive results with aggressive cancers such as mesothelioma. “This is the beginning of a new story of hope, a new combination of immunotherapy,” Dr. Mark Poznansky, director of the VIC and associate professor at Harvard Medical School, told Asbestos.com. “It worked quite well in a...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Wang Y, Lan GB, Peng FH, Xie XB Abstract Renal transplantation is associated with an increased risk of cancers at multiple sites; however, the relationships between increased cancer risk and participant characteristics remain unclear. We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify prospective observational studies performed up to July 2017. Totally 11 prospective studies reported data on 79,988 renal transplant recipients were included. Renal transplant recipients were found to display a higher risk of all cancers (standard incidence ratio [SIR]: 2.89; 95% CI: 2.13-3.91; P
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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