Frequency and Determinants of Invasive Fungal Infections in Children With Solid and Hematologic Malignancies in a Nonallogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Setting: A Narrative Review

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with cancer. An overview of studies on the frequency and determinants of IFI in pediatric oncology patients in nonallogeneic stem cell transplantation settings is lacking. We performed a literature review in Pubmed and Embase, and included 13 prospective and 23 retrospective studies. The IFI frequency (proven/probable based on EORTC criteria) in nonallogeneic stem cell transplantation pediatric cancer patients ranged between 1.0% and 38.0%, with the highest frequencies reported in hematologic malignancies. The most common fungal species seen in the studied population was Candida, followed by Aspergillus. IFI are not well investigated in solid tumor patients. Significant recurrent determinants from univariate analysis were the diagnosis acute myeloid leukemia, (prolonged) neutropenia and an older age (above 10 years). The only 2 significant determinants based on multivariate analysis were the preceding number of days of broad-spectrum antibiotics (odds ratio, 1.05; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.07; P=0.0006) and the number of days of corticosteroids (odds ratio, 1.05; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.09; P=0.005), that were both based on a group of acute myeloid leukemia patients only. Future studies are necessary to determine the frequency and determinants of IFI in pediatric oncology including a representative number of solid tumor patients.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

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More News: Acute Leukemia | Acute Myeloid Leukemia | Aspergillus | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Candida | Children | Corticosteroid Therapy | Fungal Infections | Hematology | Leukemia | Pediatrics | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Study | Transplants