Somatic BRCA2 Mutation-Positive Concurrent Accessory Male Breast Cancer (BC) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): Excellent Efficacy of Palbociclib, Fulvestrant and Leuprolide in Platinum-Exposed and Endocrine-Refractory BC Associated with Cyclin D1 and FGFR1 Amplification and of Carboplatin, Paclitaxel and Radiation in NSCLC

We report a 76-year-old patient who was diagnosed with concurrent accessory breast and primary lung cancer, both were positive for somatic BRCA-2 (E1593D) mutation. He received concurrent radiation and platinum-based chemotherapy for lung cancer with good response, but breast cancer progressed in about 8 months, and further progressed after single agent anastrozole in 10 months. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of breast cancer was also positive forCCND1 (Cyclin D1) and FGFR1 amplifications. Despite a poor molecular profile of breast cancer, and progression following platinum-based chemotherapy and anastrozole, he was successfully treated with the Cyclin-dependent kinase (CKD) 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib, estrogen-receptor down-regulator fulvestrant and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist leuprolide with the duration of response of 21 months which has exceeded duration of response to prior treatments. This case is of interest given FDA expanded the approval of palbociclib in combination with AI or fulvestrant for male patients with HR –positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer in Apr. 2019 based on real-world data from electronic health records.Case Rep Oncol 2019;12:494 –499
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Using a mathematical framework, we showed that the combination therapy of mTOR and STAT3 genes yields the best apoptosis in breast cancer. Significance: The computational results we arrived at are consistent with the experimental results that we obtained using Cryptotanshinone on MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and also by the past results of others from the literature, thereby demonstrating the effectiveness of our model.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: The proposed deep-learning-based CADx method outperformed four human experts. It was also able to identify morphological characteristics in OCM images that were consistent with histopathological interpretations. Significance: Label-free OCM imaging, combined with deep-learning-based - ADx methods, holds a great promise to be used in clinical settings for the effective screening and diagnosis of cervical diseases.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Conclusion: This novel controllable cell array printing technique on the microfluidic platforms provides a useful method with high-quality printing and cell viability for the applications of single-cell analysis and high-throughput drug screening. Significance: The controllable cell printing technique could apply in many biological processes and biomedical engineering applications, such as cell analysis, cancer development, and drug screening and metabolism. Combined with the microfluidic chips, tissue engineering, and sensors, this technique will be widely used for the construction and analysis of biological and biomedical model.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
We present a robot-assisted approach for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy. The robot is a hands-free probe manipulator that moves the probe with the same 4 DoF that are used manually. Software was developed for three-dimensional (3-D) imaging, biopsy planning, robot control, and navigation. Methods to minimize the deformation of the prostate caused by the probe at 3-D imaging and needle targeting were developed to reduce biopsy targeting errors. We also present a prostate coordinate system (PCS). The PCS helps defining a systematic biopsy plan without the need for prostate segmentation. Comprehensive te...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Authors: Roviello G, Nobili S, Mini E PMID: 31432747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary results of the present phase II trial, using HT for moderate hypofractionation in localized prostate cancer, are optimal. In fact, HT guaranteed an acceptable tolerability profile with low rates of GU and GI side effects and, more specifically, no acute severe adverse events were recorded. Long-term findings are warranted. PMID: 31432765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Buka D, Dvořák J, Richter I, Škrobánek P, Buchler T, Melichar B Abstract There is a growing corpus of evidence indicating that anti-VEGF therapy may normalize the abnormal tumor vasculature with the potential to re-program the tumor immune microenvironment to a more immunosupportive profile. Tumor vessel normalization increases tumor perfusion, and, consequently, oxygen and nutrient supply, and thus can be assumed to improve the general response to anticancer immunotherapy. The increased antitumor immunity responses seen following anti-VEGF therapy may also be associated with the inhi...
Source: Acta Medica: Hradec Kralove - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) Source Type: research
Dalton Trans., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9DT02873K, PaperIsabel de la Cueva-Alique, Laura Mu ñoz-Moreno, Elena de la Torre-Rubio, Ana Bajo, Lourdes Gude, Tomas Cuenca, Eva Royo New water soluble, enantiopure palladium and platinum compounds RN-[M{(1S,4R)- ĸNOH,ĸ2NH(2-pic)}Cl]Cl and SN-[M{(1R,4S)- ĸNOH,ĸ2NH(2-pic)}Cl]Cl (2-pic = 2-picolyl, M = Pd1 and1 ’, Pt2 and2 ’, respectively), and heterometallic Pd/Ti [( η5-C5H5)2Ti{(1S,4R)- κON,κ2NH(2-pic)}(PdCl)]Cl (3)... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Dalton Trans. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
For female patients facing fertility-impairing treatment for select cancers and other medical conditions, fertility-preserving surgeries have evolved to meet the needs of those who desire fertility preservation. Over the last 70  years, advances in surgical options for fertility preservation have vastly increased in scope and availability. Major breakthroughs in fertility-preservation surgeries include the development of ovarian transposition procedures as well as uterine fixation; both procedures move these vital reproduc tive organs away from radiation fields to help protect and preserve future fertility.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Views and reviews Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: The mortality rate among tuberculosis patients (TB fatality) has been attributed to irregular chemotherapy, delay in diagnosis, multidrug resistance, and HIV coinfection. Objective: To analyze TB fatality rates by sex, clinical presentation and HIV coinfection in Campinas, S ão Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Cohorts of residents in the city of Campinas who either died during treatment for tuberculosis or had the disease confirmed after death were divided into three intervals: 2001-2003, 2004-2006, and 2007-2009. Data were obtained from the database of the Tuberculosis Surve illance System of the Uni...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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