Clinical and Demographic Trends in Cardiac Rehabilitation: 1996-2015

Conclusions: Compared with 1996, participants entering CR in 2015 were older, more overweight, and had a higher prevalence of coronary risk factors. Lipid values improved substantially concurrent with increased statin use. While the percentage of female participants increased, they continue to be underrepresented. Patients with heart valve repair/replacement now constitute 10.6% of the patients enrolled. Clinical programs need to recognize changing characteristics of attendees to best tailor interventions.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Cardiac Rehabilitation Source Type: research

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Conclusion Our study provides novel evidence that EXE-induced antisenescence against metabolic distress in the hippocampus may be a key neuroprotective mechanism, preventing neuroinflammation and oxidative stress.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: BASIC SCIENCES Source Type: research
Purpose Low-attenuation muscle (LAM) area at mid-thigh, a computed tomography (CT)–derived index of intramuscular lipids, is associated with insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed at testing the hypothesis that changes in LAM area in trunk muscles from a single abdominal scan could provide relevant information to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle intervention without the use of a mid-thigh CT scan. Methods Cardiometabolic risk variables, including waist circumference, lipoprotein–lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and cardiorespiratory fitness, were assessed in a sample ...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Abstract Femoral hernias comprise a small proportion of all groin hernias. They are more common in women and have a high rate of incarceration and strangulation, leading to emergency repair. A 61-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department complaining of a 2-day painful lump in the right groin, that had become more intense in the last 24 hours. Physical examination suggested the presence of a strangulated femoral hernia, and the patient underwent emergency surgical repair. Intraoperatively, the right fallopian tube was observed in the hernia sac. Since there were no signs of ischemia, the tube was redu...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This study investigated whether periodontal treatment might improve glycemic control in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and which modality offers most benefit.BMC Oral Health
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dental & Oral Health Journal Article Source Type: news
CHOLESTEROL plays an essential role in helping the body to function properly. High cholesterol, on the other hand, can pose grave health risks. Fortunately, making simple dietary tweaks can lower high cholesterol and keep the dangers at bay. Here are six cholesterol-lowering foods.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: LL-37 concentrations were highest in patients with T2DM+CP when compared with controls. LL-37 was positively correlated with age. HNP 1-3 levels were increased in groups with DM when compared to the groups without periodontitis. The role of AMPs is vital in the immunoinflammatory response in the pathogenesis of periodontitis and DM. PMID: 31522161 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of severe periodontitis was 10.6%, a lower percentage than other epidemiological studies in Latin America; but still a high proportion of individuals, which would support the importance of preventive and treatment strategies for the country. PMID: 31522152 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: RC individuals in public or academic PMT programs presented with lower periodontal retreatment needs and progression of periodontitis, as well as tooth loss when compared to IC individuals. PMID: 31522149 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Two powerhouses in pharma and medtech are working together to help people with diabetes better manage their condition. Abbott Laboratories and Sanofi will collaborate to integrate glucose sensing and insulin delivery technologies. The two companies will take an innovative approach to connected care by developing tools that combine the Abbott Park, Il-based company’s FreeStyle Libre technology with Paris-based Sanofi′s insulin dosing information. Initially, the collaboration enables data sharing, at the consent of the user, between Abbott′s FreeStyle Libre mobile app and...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: IVD Business Source Type: news
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
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