Quantitative profiling of tear proteome reveals down regulation of zinc alpha-2 glycoprotein in Aspergillus flavus keratitis patients.

In this study, we examined the proteome profile of tear samples from A. flavus keratitis patients at various stages of infection. The proteome was profiled using 2D PAGE and the protein levels were quantified using 2D DIGE. Alpha-1-antitrypsin, apolipoprotein, haptoglobin, lactoferrin and albumin were up regulated while cystatin SA III precursor, lacrimal lipocalin precursor, lacritin precursor and Zinc alpha-2 glycoprotein (ZAG) were down regulated in tear fluid. In the case of ZAG all proteoforms were down regulated as the disease progressed from early to late stage of infection. Western blot analysis confirmed the results observed using DIGE. Further, there were no gender specific differences in the levels of ZAG expression in keratitis patient tear film. Published results show up regulation of ZAG in Fusarium keratitis patient tear indicating subtle changes in the early events of host response to these two fungal pathogens. We conclude that ZAG level could be used as an indicator of A. flavus or F. solani infection, even during the early stage of the disease. PMID: 31233730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Exp Eye Res Source Type: research

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