The temporal and spatial changes of actin cytoskeleton in the hippocampal CA1 neurons following transient global ischemia.
This study was designed to examine the temporal and spatial alterations of F-actin in the CA1 subfield of rat hippocampus following reperfusion after global cerebral ischemia. Phalloidin staining and confocal microscopic examination showed that F-actin disappeared from the dentritic spines in the CA1 stratum radiatum, but aggregated into thread- or fiber-like structures on days 1.5 ∼ 2 after ischemia. This was followed by a nearly complete loss of F-actin in the CA1 subfield on days 3 ∼ 7 after ischemia. Colocalization analysis demonstrated that the F-actin threads or fibers were located mainly within the dentritic trunks. As revealed by Nissl and Fluoro-Jade B staining, the decrease of F-actin proceeded concurrently with the evolution of ischemic damage. Consistently, western blots detected a significant decrease of F-/G-actin ratio in the dissected CA1 subfield after ischemia. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the change of F-actin in the ischemic brain. Although the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated, our findings may provide an important structural clue for the neuronal dysfunction induced by ischemia. PMID: 31233713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Eva Matt, Florian Ph.S. Fischmeister, Thomas Foki, Roland BeisteinerAbstractApraxia is a deficit in central motor planning impairing praxis functions such as gesture production or tool use that affects a substantial number of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. We investigated the functional connectivity of the praxis network in patients in early stages of Parkinson's disease having an increased risk for apraxia and evaluated the influence of dopaminergic therapy on praxis abilities and related networks.13 patients with mild to ...
Manzi is the chair, Department of Medicine at Allegheny Health Network.
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