Artificial Hibernation by Phenothiazines: A Potential Neuroprotective Therapy Against Cerebral Inflammation in Stroke.

CONCLUSION: This study showed an inhibitory effect of C+P on brain inflammation, which may be partially dependent on drug-induced hibernation, as well as other mechanisms of action by these drugs. These findings further suggest the great potential of C+P in the clinical treatment of ischemic stroke. PMID: 31232236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neurovascular Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Neurovasc Res Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Rationale: Shivering is an important physiological response of the body that causes muscle tremors to maintain temperature homeostasis. Traumatic brain injuries that affect the hypothalamus cause hypothermia, and physical removal of suprasellar tumors causes thermoregulation imbalance. However, no study has reported shivering due to ischemic stroke. Patient concerns: A 58-year-old male patient was admitted to our emergency department to evaluate severe stenosis of the basilar artery. While waiting for further examination, he exhibited coarse shivering and severe dysarthria. Diagnosis: Brain computed tomography angi...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract Therapeutic hypothermia is a potential protective strategy after stroke. The present study evaluated the neurovascular protective potential of pharmacological hypothermia induced by the neurotensin receptor 1 agonist HPI-201 after severe ischemic stroke. Adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to filament insertion-induced occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (60 min MCAO). HPI-201 was i.p. injected 120 min after the onset of MCAO to initiate and maintain the body temperature at 32-33°C for 6 hrs. The infarct volume, cell death, integrity of the blood brain barrier (BBB) and neurovascular unit (NVU), inf...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions Stroke comprises ischemic stroke and ICH. The immuno-inflammatory process is involved in neural plasticity following events such as a hemorrhage or ischemic stroke. After ischemia, astrocytes, microglia, and MDMs play important roles during rehabilitation with the modulation of cytokines or chemokines, such as TNF-α and IL-1. Moreover, MiRNAs are also important posttranscriptional regulators in these glial mitochondrial responses to cerebral ischemia. ICH involves processes similar and different to those seen in ischemia, including neuronal injury, astrocytic and microglial/macrophage activation, and neu...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the benefits of early-onset, lifelong AET on predictors of health, inflammation, and cancer incidence in a naturally aging mouse model. Lifelong, voluntary wheel-running (O-AET; 26-month-old) prevented age-related declines in aerobic fitness and motor coordination vs. age-matched, sedentary controls (O-SED). AET also provided partial protection against sarcopenia, dynapenia, testicular atrophy, and overall organ pathology, hence augmenting the 'physiologic reserve' of lifelong runners. Systemic inflammation, as evidenced by a chronic elevation in 17 of 18 pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokin...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions—Brain-infiltrating IL-17–producing γδ T cells belong to the subset of natural IL-17–producing γδ T cells. In stroke, these previously unrecognized innate lymphocytes trigger a highly conserved immune reaction, which is known from host responses toward pathogens. We demonstrate that therapeutic approaches targeting synergistic IL-17 and tumor necrosis factor-α pathways in parallel offer additional neuroprotection in stroke.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Animal Models of Human Disease, Basic Science Research, Inflammation, Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Original Contributions Source Type: research
This study reveals the first evidence for hypothermia mediated regulation on inflammatory factor expression, microglia polarization, migration and indicates that the anti-inflammatory effect is an important mechanism underlying the brain protective effects of a TH therapy. PMID: 27659107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
Abstract Hypothermia followed by slow rewarming is neuroprotective for ischemic stroke. However, slow rewarming causes patients' longer stay in intensive care unit and increases the risk of hypothermic complications. Hypothermia followed by rapid rewarming (HTRR) is more convenient; but it exacerbates intracranial hypertension for patients with massive hemispheric infarcts. The present study aims to investigate in detail how HTRR exacerbates ischemic brain injury and what are underlying mechanisms. Rats subjected to transient focal ischemia by middle cerebral artery occlusion were treated with normothermia or hypo...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Discussion Sudden painless vision loss has a wide differential diagnosis and it is usually caused by ischemia at retinal, ocular or cortical level. No history of methanol ingestion or trauma, normal fundoscopy, normal MRI and rapid return of vision after correction of diabetic ketoacidosis strongly suggests that blindness was related to acidosis. Alcoholic ketoacidosis has been reported to cause transient reversible blindness in other case reports and correction of acidosis lead to reversal of blindness. Other rare causes of reversible blindness include posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, brain tumors, anterior i...
Source: Journal of Investigative Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Pulmonary/Critical Care Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Brain Cancers | Hypothermia | Ischemic Stroke | Neurology | Promethazine | Stroke | Study