Nightmares in mental disorders: A review.

In conclusion, this review highlights the importance for clinicians to investigate for the presence of chronic nightmares along with other sleep difficulties (most commonly, insomnia and sleep apnea), to consider the potential influence of nightmares on the course of the primary mental disorder, and to be prepared to grant access to treatments targeting nightmares. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Dreaming - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Alexandra Simon, András Darcsi, Ágnes Kéry, Eszter RiethmüllerABSTRACTGinger, the rhizome of Zingiber officinale Roscoe is of great importance in the traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. More than 400 constituents have been reported in the plant, the most important ones being the gingerol and shogaol derivatives. Positive effects of ginger extracts and isolated [6]-gingerol have been proved in animal models of anxiety, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson&rsqu...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionHM might have some beneficial effects including improving insomnia, blood pressure, and mental health, for hypertensive elderly with insomnia. Since the methodological quality of the included studies and QoE were not high, well-designed RCTs are urgent to confirm these results.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Casey L. Straud, Jedidiah Siev, Stephen Messer, Alyson K. ZaltaAbstractThere is conflicting evidence as to whether military populations (i.e., veteran and active-duty military service members) demonstrate a poorer response to psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to civilians. Existing research may be complicated by the fact that treatment outcomes differences could be due to the type of trauma exposure (e.g., combat) or population differences (e.g., military culture). This meta-analysis evaluated PTSD ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Joshua D. Clapp, Denise M. Sloan, William Unger, Daniel J. Lee, Janie J. Jun, Scott D. Litwack, J. Gayle BeckAbstractDespite high levels of traffic-related mortality, injury, and impairment among former service members, measures validated to assess problematic driving in this population remain limited. The current study examined characteristics of the Driving Behavior Survey (DBS) in male veterans (76.3% White; age: M = 56.4, SD = 12.3) meeting criteria for PTSD. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present pilot study suggested that mindfulness-based intervention might be associated with a diminished physiological and psychological stress responses to competition. Whether this in turn translates to change in performance needs to be examined in future studies with larger samples. Moreover, different sport activities need to be considered before findings can be generalized.
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with DM are prone to the early development of CAD, and psychological factors were associated with early development of CAD. Therefore, the findings of the current study can be utilized in designing preventive and therapeutic interventions, and implementing and integrating these factors in health-promotion programs for patients with DM can be useful.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Bullying events have frequently been the focus of coverage by news media, including news stories about teens whose death from suicide was attributed to cyberbullying. Previous work has shown that news media coverage is influential to readers in areas such ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Between 2011 and 2018, rates of depression, self-harm, and suicide attempts increased substantially among U.S. adolescents. The most probable cause(s) of these trends likely 1) began or accelerated during these years, 2) affected a large number of people, ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This research aimed to develop and prioritize recommendations for prevention of suicide among nursing home residents. The study employed a nominal group technique, comprising three rounds, including two forums and a follow-up survey to prioritize recommend...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
We describe a case of lormetazepam addiction in a femal...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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