Mortality, morbidity, and risk factors in China and its provinces, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Maigeng Zhou, Haidong Wang, Xinying Zeng, Peng Yin, Jun Zhu, Wanqing Chen, Xiaohong Li, Lijun Wang, Limin Wang, Yunning Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Mei Zhang, Jinlei Qi, Shicheng Yu, Ashkan Afshin, Emmanuela Gakidou, Scott Glenn, Varsha Sarah Krish, Molly Katherine Miller-Petrie, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundPublic health is a priority for the Chinese Government. Evidence-based decision making for health at the province level in China, which is home to a fifth of the global population, is of paramount importance. This analysis uses data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 to help inform decision making and monitor progress on health at the province level.MethodsWe used the methods in GBD 2017 to analyse health patterns in the 34 province-level administrative units in China from 1990 to 2017. We estimated all-cause and cause-specific mortality, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), summary exposure values (SEVs), and attributable risk. We compared the observed results with expected values estimated based on the Socio-demographic Index (SDI).FindingsStroke and ischaemic heart disease were the leading causes of death and DALYs at the national level in China in 2017. Age-standardised DALYs per 100 000 population decreased by 33·1% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 29·8 to 37·...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe relevance of SPARC expression in pancreato-biliary carcinomas though may still be important for therapeutic decision making, it is not responsible for peritumoral stromal desmoplasia in these tumors and it does not have any significant prognostic implication.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Objective: To compare the rate of malreduction after high fibular fractures associated with syndesmosis injury treated with open reduction and internal fixation, with either 2 screws or 1 knotless TightRope device. Design: Prospective randomized controlled multicenter trial. Setting: Eleven academic and community hospitals including Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers across Canada. Patients/Participants: One hundred three patients with OTA/AO 44-C injuries with demonstrated radiographic syndesmosis diastasis or instability after malleolar bony fixation were followed for 12 months after treatment. Methods: Ope...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results suggest TCC may have a small positive effect on early outcomes, but use of the services was highly variable among sites. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Three thousand eight hundred ten articles were identified, and 12 met inclusion criteria. These studies encompassed 497 patients with an average age of 14.1 years (8–18 years, range). Both operative and nonoperative management of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in this population provide excellent rates of union and patient-reported outcome measures. Compared with nonoperative management, operative management yielded faster return to activity, superior Constant scores, and equal QuickDASH scores. Operative management had higher complication rates and complications that required secondary operativ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
STOMACH bloating is usually remedied by making simple dietary changes. If quick fixes do not alleviate the tummy swelling, this may signal a more serious condition, including one that specifically affects women.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Typically, when medical device companies or physicians want to study a specific condition or disease state, they experiment on either cadavers or animals. But finding a cadaver that fits the criteria of one of these pathologies, such as scoliosis or congenital heart disease, can be difficult. And if such cadavers can be found, the cost to procure, maintain, and dispose of them is significant. Animal studies have the same cost-effectiveness issues. And, while animal anatomy can be similar to human anatomy, it is not exactly the same. “But now [customers] can have organ models printed in 3D, on demand,&acir...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: 3-D Printing Source Type: news
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Daniel I Sessler, Lijian Pei, Yuguang Huang, Edith Fleischmann, Peter Marhofer, Andrea Kurz, Douglas B Mayers, Tanja A Meyer-Treschan, Martin Grady, Ern Yu Tan, Sabry Ayad, Edward J Mascha, Donal J Buggy, Gang Tan, Zhiyong Zhang, Helen Keane, Maurice Stokes, Oliver Zotti, Michael Gnant, Silvia Perez-ProttoSummaryBackgroundThree perioperative factors impair host defence against recurrence during cancer surgery: the surgical stress response, use of volatile anaesthetic, and opioids for analgesia. All factors are ameliorated by regional anaesthesia...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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