Demographic Correlates and Validation of PERMA and WEMWBS Scales in Indian Adolescents
AbstractThe study aimed at validating the Hindi and English versions of PERMA and WEMWBS on Indian adolescent population. The data were collected from 1288 adolescents, aged 13 –18 years (mean age = 15.27 years, SD = 1.08). Both the scales were an adequate fit to the data, indicating high reliability. For PERMA (α = 0.90), a set of 34 items had the best fit out of the original item pool of 49 items. For the WEMWBS (α = 0.84), original one factor model with 14 items was confirmed in the Indian adolescent population as well. Multivariate analyses revealed that males experienced greater positive emotion and engagement compared to the females. Children studying in private schools scored significantly higher on positive mental health factors, while t he government school children had significantly higher scores on ill-health factors. Urban adolescents experienced more depression compared to the rural adolescents and as the age increased, adolescents experienced more depressive symptoms compared to the younger adolescents. Findings are in line wi th the extant literature on adolescent wellbeing in India.
ConclusionsThe therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion by soothing liver and regulating mind can obviously improve the quality of life of depression elders.
Conclusion: Experiences of being sexually harassed correlate among adolescents with high social anxiety but also with high self-esteem. Sexual harassment among adolescents may partly be explained as inept ways of showing interest, but it may nevertheless have detrimental effects on the well-being of the those subjected to it. PMID: 31311376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsThe findings suggest the need for a more nuanced perspective on maintaining cool status during adolescence that considers both its risks and benefits.
CONCLUSION: Make-up therapy to improve the symmetry of facial appearance could afford a noninvasive and low-cost treatment for patients with facial nerve palsy, especially in terms of patient quality of life and psychological condition. PMID: 31307215 [PubMed - in process]
In conclusion, feeding can affect the pharmacokinetics of VLZ in the dog.
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Xiaowei Li, Xin Zhang, Jing Zhu, Wandeng Mao, Shuting Sun, Zihan Wang, Chen Xia, Bin HuAbstractThe diagnosis of depression almost exclusively depends on doctor-patient communication and scale analysis, which have the obvious disadvantages such as patient denial, poor sensitivity, subjective biases and inaccuracy. An objective, automated method that predicts clinical outcomes in depression is essential for increasing the accuracy of depression recognition and treatments. This paper aims at better recognizing depression using...
Conclusion: There is high prevalence of depression among TB patients. It is more common in males and alcoholics. Patients who are in the first four months of the treatment are more likely to have depression. There should be regular screening of the patients with TB for psychiatric illness during the course of the treatment for better treatment compliance and outcome. PMID: 31313544 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: Poisoning was predominant in unmarried young males from lower economic class. The most common type of poisoning was suicidal, route was oral and agent was chemicals. Vomiting and pain in abdomen were the most common clinical features. Chemical poisoning was highly associated with renal failure and aspiration chemical pneumonitis requiring ventilator support and high mortality. Chemical agent of poisoning, Intravenous route of poisoning, requirement of mechanical ventilation, duration of hospital stay were significantly associated with mortality. PMID: 31311221 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: Our findings show that disability assessment late in the first week after onset of stroke using NIHSS accurately forecast outcome at one month after onset of stroke. The MMSE too is not expected to change at 1 month. Those with aphasia are expected to have greater disability. Based on or study we recommend that stroke patients should be assessed with NIHSS and MMSE before discharge, to explain the prognosis of the patient. Also more intense counselling on controlling blood pressure and diabetes as well as abstinence from smoking should be undertaken routinely. PMID: 31309796 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: While there is some evidence of compromised frontoparietal structure and function in adolescent cannabis use, it remains unclear whether the observed effects are specifically attributable to adolescent onset of use or general cannabis use-related factors such as depressive symptoms. The relative contribution of adolescent onset of cannabis use and use chronicity will have to be more comprehensively examined in prospective, longitudinal studies with more rigorous measures of cannabis use (dosage, exposure, dependence, constituent compounds such as the relative cannabinoid levels). PMID: 31311489 [PubMed - a...