Waterloo hospital site to be dug up by team including UK veterans

Archaeological dig will be first at building where thousands of Wellington ’s men were treatedA group of 25 British and Dutch military veterans are to join the first excavation of the main field hospital established by the Duke of Wellington during the Battle of Waterloo.The former soldiers, sailors and RAF personnel will work with archaeologists, led by Prof Tony Pollard of Glasgow University, to explore the farm buildings of Mont-St-Jean, where thousands of wounded soldiers received primitive first aid as shot and shell rained down on them.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Archaeology Military Post-traumatic stress disorder Belgium Netherlands Napoleon Bonaparte Science Mental health Society UK news Europe World news Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of reviewExtensive resources have been devoted to implementing evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) to facilitate the best available treatments to clients. Yet, when treatment settings or client characteristics do not align with the contexts in which an EBP was developed and tested, adaptations may be indicated. The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of the adaptation literature and highlight key issues, using Cognitive Processing Therapy as an example throughout the paper.Recent findingsInformed by the literature to date, we use Stirman and colleagues ’ Framework for Reporting Adaptatio...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Tseilikman V, Dremencov E, Tseilikman O, Pavlovicova M, Lacinova L, Jezova D Abstract Glucocorticoid signaling is fundamental in healthy stress coping and in the pathophysiology of stress-related diseases, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Glucocorticoids are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) as well as 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) and 2 (11βHSD2). Acute stress-induced increase in glucocorticoid concentrations stimulates the expression of several CYP sub-types. CYP is primarily responsible for glucocorticoid metabolism and its increased activity can resu...
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
Conclusions This scoping review confirmed that patients with malunited scaphoids seem to have higher likelihood of post traumatic arthritis. However, clinical implications remain uncertain and better methods for assessing and defining scaphoid deformity are required. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Wrist Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Survey or Meta-analysis Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 103Author(s): Igor Elman, David BorsookAbstractOpioid use disorder (OUD) is a mounting public health problem with substantial morbidity and mortality. Stress involvement in the course of OUD is generally accepted, but little is understood about the underlying neurobiological mechanisms in part due to a lack of laboratory-based models for chronic stress exposure. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be construed as a psychopathological prototype of chronic stress owing to the essential diagnostic criteria of experiencing and reliving a...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
DiscussionRecent advancements on the quantification of neurocognitive dysfunction, cellular dysfunction, intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow, inflammation, post-traumatic neuropathophysiology, on blood serum biomarkers and on their correlation to neuroimaging findings are reviewed to hypothesize how they can be used in conjunction with one another. This may allow clinicians and scientists to comprehensively study TBI in military service members, leading to new treatment strategies for both currently-serving as well as veteran personnel, and to improve the study of TBI more broadly.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: The event centrality model indicates that the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) occurs when a traumatic event becomes central to one's identity, marking a key turning point in one's life narrative and influenci...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Numerous studies attest to the prevalence and complex negative consequences associated with military sexual trauma (MST). However, relatively less is known about male survivors and about the interaction of psychological problems such as posttraumatic stres...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Do refugee inflows have an effect on state fragility? In this article I examine whether refugee inflows, commonly associated in the literature with economic and cultural pressures, result in a more fragile state by means of increased violent group grievanc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Cortical visual processing involves the ventral stream (form perception) and the dorsal stream (motion perception). We assessed whether mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) differentially affects these two streams. Eleven adults with mild TBI (28 ± 9 yrs, 17...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of orthopaedic trauma on the financial health of patients. We hypothesized that some patients who sustain musculoskeletal trauma experience considerable financial hardship during treatment, and we also assessed ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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