Long-Term Outcomes in Laparoscopic D2 Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: a Large Comprehensive Study Proposing Novel Hypotheses

ConclusionsIn this large institutional analysis, while LG for GC was associated with DSS and DFS similar to those for OG overall, non-inferior LG-associated survival especially DSS was observed in some subgroups rarely investigated in prospective or randomized settings. There could still be biases even after PSM due to confounders not accounted for in this observational study. However, these findings offer novel hypotheses for further validation.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Viruses and bacteria play central roles in gastrointestinal tumor development. This includes well-characterized contributions of Helicobacter pylori to gastric carcinoma and MALT lymphoma and of Hepatitis B and C virus infections to hepatocellular cancer. However, recent studies have demonstrated a much broader role of the microbiota in the regulation of cancer development. As such, it was shown that barrier defects and alterations in microbial community structure contribute to colorectal and hepatocellular cancer. Moreover, intriguing studies have highlighted the microbiota as a central regulator of the ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Z Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Current Opinion in Virology, Volume 37Author(s): Jonathan Stern, George Miller, Xin Li, Deepak SaxenaAlthough bacterial dysbiosis has been previously associated with carcinogenesis and HIV infection, the impact of the virome and these disease states has been less well studied. In this review, we will summarize what is known about the interplay between both the bacterial and the viral components of the microbiome on cancer and HIV pathogenesis. Bacterial dysbiosis has been associated with carcinogenesis such as colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), lung cancer, breast ...
Source: Current Opinion in Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, Baishouwu extract exhibited potent effect on the development of HCC by altering TLR4/MyD88/ NF-κB signaling pathway in the sequence of hepatic inflammation-fibrosis-cancer, which provided novel insights into the mechanism of Baishouwu extract as a candidate for the pretreatment of HCC in the future. Introduction Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the third cause of cancer-related deaths (Jemal et al., 2011). Chronic inflammation, caused by chemical, biological and physical factors, is found to be related to certain human cancers. The effe...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated whether the combination of focused ultrasound (FUS) and microbubbles can improve adoptively NK-92MI cell infiltration into ovarian tumors through biodistribution, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry. The treatment effects of using this strategy twice a week were explored. The potential molecular mechanism of FUS assisting NK cell therapy was also initially explored through evaluating the expression of ICAM1 and CX3CL1 by qRT-PCR. Our results indicated that FUS and microbubbles can improve NK-92MI cells’ infiltration into tumors, and the combination of FUS and NK-92MI cells had a better ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we cloned two forms of BmPGRP2: BmPGRP2-1 bound to DAP-type PGN to activate Imd signaling, whereas BmPGRP2-2 was induced by BmNPV and negatively regulated the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway to inhibit cell apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that the two forms of BmPGRP2 have distinct functions in the host response to pathogenic bacteria and viruses. The present study confirms that PGRP was induced by viruses to escape host antiviral immunity. Materials and Methods Silkworm Strain, Cell Lines, and Viruses B. mori strains Dazao (DZ) and 932 were maintained...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Patients with HBsAg-positive gastric cancer (GC) are a heterogeneous group, and it is not possible to accurately predict the overall survival (OS) in these patients.
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Abstract Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a triterpene isolated from the roots and rhizomes of licorice, named Glycyrrhiza glabra, is the principal bioactive ingredient of anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects. GA has been used in the clinical treatment of hepatitis, bronchitis, gastric ulcer, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), certain cancers and skin diseases. It has a direct effect on anti-HBV (hepatitis B virus) via affecting the HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen) to extracellular secretion, improving liver dysfunction in patients with chronic hepatitis B, and ultimately improving the immu...
Source: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Mini Rev Med Chem Source Type: research
Rationale: Synchronous gastric carcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rare. It is hard to distinguish synchronous HCC from metastatic liver cancer in this condition. The treatment and prognosis is quite different for synchronous HCC of gastric carcinoma and liver metastasis of gastric carcinoma. Patient concerns: A 68-year-old man with a chief complaint of epigastric pain for 1 year, accompanied by reflux and belching. The patient was diagnosed with gastric carcinoma (cT4NxM0) and laparoscopy-assisted radical distal gastrectomy was performed. This was followed by chemotherapy of FOLFOX regimen. However, a liv...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Databases & Libraries | Gastrectomy | Gastric (Stomach) Cancer | Gastroenterology | Hepatitis | Hepatitis B | Laparoscopy | Study | Surgery