Quality and Data Science

Applications of data science technologies including machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) for the radiologic sciences are rapidly proliferating. Although image analysis has captured much of our attention, AI and advanced data analytics tools to improve quality, workflow, and patient experience are gaining importance [1,2]. The Triple Aim for health care in  the United States [3], later modified to the Quadruple Aim [4,5], proposes four areas for performance improvement in medicine: improving the overall health of the population, improving the individual experience of care, improving the work life of health care providers, and reducing per capita cost s.
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Introduction to the special issue Source Type: research

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Abstract Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) a re-emerging mosquito-borne alpha virus causes significant distress which is further accentuated in the lack of specific therapeutics or a preventive vaccine, mandating accelerated research for anti-CHIKV therapeutics. In recent years, drug repositioning has gained recognition for the curative interventions for its cost and time efficacy. CHIKV envelope proteins are considered to be the promising targets for drug discovery because of their essential role in viral attachment and entry in the host cells. In the current study, we propose structure-based virtual screening of drug mo...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract The glial cell neoplasms are not fully classified by using cellular morphology. However, this is possible using known molecular markers in glial development. Oligo-dendrocyte lineage gene induces differentiation of neural progenitors and putative immature progenitor cells of the adult central nervous system. These oligo-dendrocyte lineage genes OLIG1 and OLIG2 encode basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors. The murine bHLH transcription factors found in chromosome 21 are essential for oligo-dendrocyte development. Moreover, OLIG3 of the OLIG family is known to be linked with the brain and spinal cord...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Medicinal plants are boundless source of raw materials for the pharmaceutical. Identification of natural compounds from medicinal plant is helpful in the discovery of novel therapeutic agents. Tylophora pauciflora is a medicinal plant, which possess many biological activities such as antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity and anti cancer activity. There is no GC-MS analysis reported on this plant. Thus, the present study is aimed to identify the present of phyto-chemical compounds from ethanolic extract of Tylophora pauciflora using GC-MS analysis. Results, the extract possess totally 14 bioacti...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Identification of tyrosine Fyn kinase inhibitor is recognized as an effective and feasible therapeutic measure in reducing consequences of memory loss disorder Alzheimer's. The present investigation has been attempted with an objective to find out a novel potent inhibitor with similar homological structure to Fyn kinase using structure based in silico screening measure. Such derived structure was compared with natural data base pool and were systematically analyzed. Ligand based interaction was also tested and evaluated. We applied a molecular dynamic simulation technique to validate the stability of the ...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Identification of gene clusters in Streptomyces holds promise for the discovery of regulatory pathways linked to bioactive metabolites. We isolated a broad-spectrum antibacterial potential Streptomyces sp BDUSMP 02 from mangrove sediment. We further found a distinct of phylogeny pattern for NRPS A-domain in the Streptomyces sp BDUSMP 02. The result suggests that Streptomyces sp BDUSMP 02 has the potential to produce a new type of antibacterial compounds belonging to NRPS type. PMID: 31312078 [PubMed]
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Human Ceruloplasmin (hCP) is an unique multicopper oxidase which involves in different biological functions e.g., iron metabolism, copper transportation, biogenic amine oxidation ,and its malfunction causes Wilson's and Menkes diseases. MD- simulation studies of O2- bound solvated structure have revealed the role of several conserved/ semi-conserved water molecules in the hydration of type-I copper centers and their involvement to recognition dynamics of these metal centers. In O2- bound structure, hydration potentiality of CuRS (Cu1106) type-I copper center is observed to be unique, where two water molec...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Dengue is a viral infection caused by RNA infection of the family Flaviviridae and spread by the Aedes mosquitoes. Dengue NS5 methyltransferase is a known drug target for the disease. Therefore, it is of interest to design potential inhibitors for the target using molecular docking analysis. Our analysis shows the binding of compounds STOCK1N-98943, STOCK1N-98872, STOCK1N-98956, STOCK1N-98865, and STOCK1N-98950 with the protein drug target with optimal binding features for further in vitro and in vivo evaluations. PMID: 31312076 [PubMed]
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract We have shown previously that a feed-forward, back propagation neural network model based on composite n-grams can predict normalized signal strengths of a microarray based DNA sequencing experiment. The microarray comprises a 4xN set of 25-base single-stranded DNA molecule ('oligos'), specific for each of the four possible bases (A, C, G, or T) for Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and Thymine respectively at each of N positions in the experimental DNA. Strength of binding between reference oligos and experimental DNA varies according to base complementarity and the strongest signal in any quartet should `call ...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
We reported 96 hydroxamic compounds optimized using hydrogen-donors, hydrophobic and electron withdrawing groups followed by molecular docking studies. The optimized compounds show good LibDock score and H-bond interaction in the active site of HDAC2. We selected 20 compounds as the best HDAC2 inhibitors based on the LibDock score, binding energy and hydrogen bonding. ADMET predictions on these compounds show good absorption, BBB penetration and no liver toxicity. We subsequently report four compounds selected as best HDAC2 inhibitors based on the LibDock, binding energy, H-bonding and ADMET properties. PMID: 31312074 [PubMed]
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Abstract Gut microbiota and their metabolites play a vital role in colon health and disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that the gut microbiota contributes to the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role of a specific microbial community together with their metabolites contributing to the risk, initiation and progression of CRC is still unknown. Hence, we used a Bayesian Networks in combination with the IDA (Intervention calculus when the DAG is absent) to generate a graphical model that allows causal relationships to be inferred from observational data. Results from the analysis of publically availa...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
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