New toxicity testing of PQ grass allergy immunotherapy to support product development

AbstractPQ Grass represents an allergen ‐specific immunotherapy for pre‐seasonal treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (or rhinoconjunctivitis) with or without mild‐to‐moderate bronchial asthma. It consists of a native pollen extract for 13 grass species, chemically modified with glutaraldehyde, and adsorbed tol‐tyrosine in a microcrystalline form with addition of the adjuvant Monophosphoryl Lipid A (MPL®). Previous non ‐clinical safety testing, including rat repeat dose toxicity in adult and juvenile animals, rat reproductive toxicity and rabbit local tolerance studies showed no safety findings of concern. A new Good Laboratory Practice compliant rat subcutaneous repeat dose toxicity study to evaluate a higher clinical dose and modified posology (once every 2  weeks for 13 weeks) showed no signs of toxicity. As seen in previous studies, relatively minor, immunostimulatory effects were seen such as reversible increased white cell count (notably neutrophils), increased globulin level (resulting in decreased A/G ratio) and increased fibrinogen as well as minor dose site reaction in the form of inflammatory cell infiltrate. These findings are likely due to the immunostimulatory nature of MPL and/or the presence ofl‐tyrosine within the adjuvanted vaccine. This new toxicity study with PQ Grass therefore supports longer posology with higher dose levels.
Source: Journal of Applied Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, inflammatory and pruritic skin disease, with a prevalence of 1-3% of the adult population. Usually begins in early childhood, progresses with a recurrent course before disappearing at puberty, and may persist to adulthood or present de novo during this period. It is frequently associated with elevated levels of serum IgE, individual or family history of type I allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma. The therapeutic approach in adult AD patients can be frankly complicated beyond topical treatments, as phototherapy and/or systemic therapies often do not guarantee adequate c...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Asthma and rhinitis may share pathogenic mechanisms, and extensive investigation has been devoted to exploring their reciprocal impact. A recent prospective study investigated the prevalence of rhinitis and its phenotypes, symptom severity, and medication use in 619 asthmatic children (1). Rhinitis was found to be a common asthma comorbidity (93.5%) and was refractory to standard rhinitis medications. Perennial allergic rhinitis with seasonal exacerbation due to poly-allergy was common (34.2%), mostly severe, and often associated with difficult-to-control asthma.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Letters Source Type: research
AbstractThis multicentre, cross-sectional study conducted in Spain assessed the clinical characteristics and quality of life of patients who were aged 14 –55 years and had allergic rhinitis and/or asthma, which was due to house dust mite sensitisation, for at least 2 years. Overall, 296 patients were included; 60% had allergic rhinitis (mostly persistent moderate-to-severe) and 40% had rhinitis and asthma (mostly intermittent or mild-to-persisten t). Patients with rhinitis had moderately reduced quality of life, which was significantly worse in adults than adolescents. The impact of asthma on quality of lif...
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Allergic rhinitis is a common disorder that regularly occurs in children and adolescents. The disease is associated with other allergic diseases, such as asthma, and it carries a heavy burden, with effects on sleep, school performance, and quality of life. Classic symptoms include sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and nasal itching. When the eyes are involved, the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is used. Triggers may include airborne pollens, molds, dust mites, and animals. Skin or blood allergy testing can be a useful diagnostic modality that may guide therapy. Immunotherapy can prevent the development of further...
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
To evaluate the role of atopy (i.e. atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, asthma, and food allergies) and its consequences on developing meatal stenosis in boys.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion Different aspects of neonatal jaundice are associated with the development of common allergic diseases in children. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The authors propose an organizational model incorporating the position of a healthcare educator (HE) as a coordinator in the process of managing chronic allergic conditions in adult patients within the Polish healthcare system. Adult patient education by the HE would include introducing the principles of secondary and tertiary prevention in order to improve the quality of life in patients with chronic allergic conditions. PMID: 31333351 [PubMed]
Source: Advances in Dermatology and Allergology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Postepy Dermatol Alergol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Children with IBD should be constantly monitored by medical professionals, not only due to the underlying disease but also due to a possible concomitant allergic disease. PMID: 31333345 [PubMed]
Source: Advances in Dermatology and Allergology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Postepy Dermatol Alergol Source Type: research
Authors: Jeon YH, Lee YJ, Sohn MH, Lee HR Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuumi...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research
Babies with eczema have a high risk of developing asthma, food allergies and hay fever later in life, but that a " soak and seal " method of moistening a baby's skin can help prevent cracks from the condition.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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