Neurology versus Psychiatry? Hallucinations, Delusions, and Confabulations.

Neurology versus Psychiatry? Hallucinations, Delusions, and Confabulations. Front Neurol Neurosci. 2019;44:127-140 Authors: Carota A, Bogousslavsky J Abstract Hallucinations, delusions, and confabulations are common symptoms between neurology and psychiatry. The neurological diseases manifesting with such symptoms (dementia, epilepsy, Korsakoff's disease, brain tumors, Parkinson's disease, migraine, right hemisphere stroke and others) would be the key to understand their biological mechanisms, while the cognitive sciences, neuropharmacology and functional neuroimaging would be the tools of such researches. It is possible to understand the perceptive rules of the mind and the mechanisms of the human consciousness based on these symptoms. However, hallucinations and delusions manifest with extraordinary vehemence with psychiatric disorders such as psychosis and schizophrenia, with which there is no evidence of brain lesions. Furthermore, they are subjective symptoms, and they do not have biological markers. Hence, they are prone to high inter-individual variability and depend on other variables (such as education, history of trauma), and are therefore difficult to reduce to unequivocal constructs. Causative mechanisms are probably multiple. For understanding these symptoms, a common framework between neurology and psychiatry is still missing. The psychopathology of French alienists over the 19th century, of S. Freud, and of Henry Ey over the 20th century ga...
Source: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Front Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionConsidering the high temperatures in the Gulf region, the prevalence of vehicular heat stroke secondary to locking children inside vehicles is nontrivial. Awareness programs for parents and caregivers are strongly encouraged.
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Jean-Yves JennyAbstractHip or knee revision for infection requires careful planning of the debridement phase. Bacteriological sample management needs to be planned. Multidisciplinary decisions have to be taken as to 1- or 2-stage strategy, reconstruction technique and soft-tissue management. Surgical resection should be complete while economical. There must be no shortcomings in the technical procedure. Implant removal and surgical debridement are the keys to curing the infection, and planning is essent...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionIn a large series of advanced ovarian cancer, patients receiving late IDS (≥ 5 NAC cycles) seem to show a poorer prognosis than patients operated on earlier. The survival appears to be mainly determined by optimal resection and response to chemotherapy.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, the study showed a significant lack of knowledge about epilepsy among PWE at JUH. A public educational program is necessary in Jordan to educate PWE about their disorder.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first observational, prospective study to evaluate efficacy and safety of early adjunctive treatment with PER in patients with focal epilepsy at 12 months. Perampanel demonstrated a good efficacy and safety profile when used at a median dose of 6 mg/day, regardless of the combination with other AEDs. Adverse events were mild or moderate, with dizziness being the most frequent one.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Bierhals CCBK, Day CB, Mocellin D, Santos NOD, Predebon ML, Pizzol FLFD, Fuhrmann AC, Medeiros GG, Aires M, Paskulin LMG Abstract AIM: To verify the relation of a nursing home care educational intervention in the use of health services by elderly people post-stroke. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial conducted with 44 family caregivers of elderly people post-stroke. Data was collected between May/2016 and July/2018 in a hospital in the South of Brazil and at the participants' homes. The intervention group (IG=21) received home visits by nurses after hospital discharge. The control group (CG=23) had...
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
Publication date: 7–13 December 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10214Author(s): Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Yibi Logora Makoy, Robert Colebunders
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Paul Gabarre, Pierre-Yves Boelle, Naike Bigé, Muriel Fartoukh, Christophe Guitton, Guillaume Dumas, Jean-Rémi Lavillegrand, Geoffroy Hariri, Jean-Luc Baudel, Daniel Zafimahazo, Hafid Ait-Oufella, Eric MauryAbstractPurposeICU patient's care may require the use of onerous devices, which contributes to make this department one of the most expensive in the hospital. It seemed us relevant to assess healthcare workers' (HCWs) knowledge of the cost of the devices daily used in ICU.Materials and methodsAn anonymous questionna...
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Yeolekar ME Abstract Human lifespan has seen a rise globally. Extended lifespan is a trend projected to persist and continue. The gap is wide: from 52.67 years in the Central African Republic to 80.3 years in the OECD (Canada, Germany, Mexico, France, Japan, UK). In India the expectancy was 68.8 years in 2018. Concordant with the enhanced life span have been studies that explain determinants and mechanisms of human longevity, much of which has been attributed to better public health measures and improved care. The natural twin consequences of longevity: a) Frailty its characteristics and management and b) ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
ConclusionA hospital course of care involving a cardiology department was associated with an increase in hospital survival in AHF patients. These finding may highlight the importance of collaboration between cardiologists and other in-hospitals specialties, such as emergency physicians, in order to find the best in-hospital pathway for patients with AHF.Clinical Trial NCT03903198.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Brain Cancers | Brain Tumor | Dementia | Education | Epilepsy | France Health | Headache | Migraine | Neurology | Neuroscience | Parkinson's Disease | Psychiatry | Schizophrenia | Stroke | Universities & Medical Training