Clinical features of interstitial pneumonia associated with systemic lupus erythematosus

ConclusionIn SLE cases, IP primarily occurred in male and elderly patients. In addition to the NSIP pattern, the UIP pattern was evident on HRCT scans of IP-related SLE. The survival of SLE patients was unrelated to IP.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Vachvanichsanong P, McNeil E, Dissaneewate P Abstract OBJECTIVES: We set out to determine the causes of death in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). METHODS: The medical records of children aged
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) is a clinical complex with unsatisfying treatment efficacy and poor prognosis which is difficult to be diagnosed at early stage. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical features of SLE with PCP, recognize the early onset indicating factors, and evaluate the treatment efficacy of combined caspofungin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (coSMZ). We reviewed data of 9 patients admitted with SLE-PCP and treated with caspofungin combined with coSMZ at Tangshan Gongren Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017. Patients’ ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2019; 40: 235-254 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688448Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by mononuclear cells (principally lymphocytes) infiltrating exocrine glands (e.g., salivary and lacrimal glands), leading to destruction of exocrine epithelial cells and dryness of mucosal surfaces. Cardinal symptoms are dry eyes (xerophthalmia) and dry mouth (xerostomia). Extraglandular sites are affected in 30 to 40% of cases of SS (particularly neurological, kidneys, skin, and lungs). B cell hyperactivity, autoantibody production, and hypergammaglobulinemia are cardinal features o...
Source: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
I was speaking with someone recently who has a series of chronic and painful conditions; some of which are noticeable and some ‘invisible’. What is particularly distressful is that people sometimes say to her, “At least you don’t have cancer.” How dismissive is that? I know they are trying to help her feel better about what she does have and perhaps even attempt to minimize the impact, but it is not compassionate or helpful. There are diagnoses such as fibromyalgia, lupus, diabetes, arthritis or neuropathy which some people have to navigate. It might mean taking naps on an as-needed basis, en...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Chronic Pain Health-related Inspiration & Hope Personal Arthritis Chronic Illness Diabetes Fibromyalgia Lupus Lyme disease neuropathy peer support Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe lung should be carefully studied during CTDs. PFTs can represent an important prognostic tool for diagnosis and follow up of RA-ILD, but, on their own, lack sufficient specificity or sensitivity to describe lung involvement in SSDs and IIMs. Several composite indexes potentially able to describe the evolution of lung damage and response to treatment in SSDs are under investigation. Considering the potential severity of these conditions, an HRCT jointly with PFTs should be performed in all new diagnoses of SSDs and IIMs. Moreover, follow up PFTs should be interpreted in the light of the risk factor for respir...
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Lixing Huang1, Lingmin Zhao1, Wenjia Liu1, Xiaojin Xu1, Yongquan Su2, Yingxue Qin1 and Qingpi Yan1,2* 1Key Laboratory of Healthy Mariculture for the East China Sea, Fisheries College, Jimei University, Ministry of Agriculture, Xiamen, China 2State Key Laboratory of Large Yellow Croaker Breeding, Ningde, China Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a temperature-dependent opportunistic pathogen which is associated with a variety of diseases in fish. During the development of “white nodules” disease, the expression of htpG in P. plecoglossicida was found to be significantly up-regulated at its virulent tempera...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The data hold promise for advancements in standardization of MSA assays as well as for the potential inclusion of MSA in future classification criteria. Introduction Myositis specific (MSA) and myositis associated antibodies (MAA) have been used as an aid in the diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) for decades (1). Since many of the MSA (e.g., anti-synthetase antibodies), partly depending on the screening dilution, are accompanied by limited sensitivity of the indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test, this method has limited utility as a screening test for suspected myositis (2–6). ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation No. 31-124861 to GS. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Supplementary Material The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2019.00414/full#supplementary-material References Chava, K. R., Tauseef, M., Sharma, T., and Mehta, D. (2012). Cyclic AMP response element-binding protein prevents endothelial permeability...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results showed that CMV infection may play a role in the initiation or amplification of inflammatory responses in AOSD. Introduction Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare but clinically well-known systemic inflammatory disease. It is typically characterized by a high spiking fever, evanescent skin rash, arthralgia, sore throat and neutrophilia (1–3). Even though the etiology of AOSD remains unknown, there is evidence that it's triggered by environmental factors with genetic predisposition (4). It has long been suspected that viral infections might contribute to the on...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Ahmad Nasser, Parham Jazireian, Hossein Safari, Mahmoud Alizade-Sani, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Taher AzimiAbstractStaphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes many infections and diseases. This pathogen can cause many types of infections such as impetigo, toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST1), pneumonia, endocarditis, and autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus and can infect other healthy individuals. In the pathogenic process, colonization is a main risk factor for invasive diseases. Various factors incl...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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