Characterization of Clostridioides difficile ribotypes in domestic dogs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Characterization of Clostridioides difficile ribotypes in domestic dogs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Anaerobe. 2019 Jun 17;: Authors: Rainha K, Fernandes Ferreira R, Trindade CNR, Carneiro LG, Penna B, Endres BT, Begum K, Alam MJ, Garey KW, Domingues Regina Maria CP, Ferreira EO Abstract Clostridioides difficile is the major etiologic agent of nosocomial bacterial diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis. The pathogenesis of C. difficile infection (CDI)involves two cytotoxic enzymes (TcdA, TcdB) that cause colonic epithelial damage, fluid accumulation and enteritis. CDI has been demonstrated in a variety of animal species and some reports have recently raised the importance of wild animals as a reservoir of this pathogen and possible transmission to humans and domestic animals. The aim of this study was to characterize C. difficile isolates obtained from pet dogs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A total of 50 faecal samples were obtained from healthy and diarrheic dogs. Five of fifty samples (10%) grew C. difficile. Of those, three belonged to the PCR ribotype 106 (ST 42) and were toxigenic (A+B+). The other two strains belonged to the PCR ribotype 010 (ST 15) and were not toxin producers (A-B-). None of the isolates tested positive for the binary toxin genes. Considering the antimicrobial resistance patterns of all isolates using EUCAST breakpoints, all strains were sensitive to metronidazole and vancomycin. However, two strains (ribotype 106 and ribotype 010), w...
Source: Anaerobe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Anaerobe Source Type: research

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This study supports previous findings of multidrug resistance in commensal strains in rural communities and highlights the increased rates of resistance over time. We recommend studies in larger populations with a longer follow-up. PMID: 31800939 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the patients was moderate and it was necessary to promote educational actions according to individual demands. PMID: 31800800 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
Authors: Fróes GF, Mendes ENW, Pedroza GA, Cunha MLCD Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stress level of mothers of preterm infants with gestational age ≤34 weeks, hospitalized in neonatal intensive care. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 74 mothers of premature infants in neonatal intensive care, who answered the "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" instrument, validated in Brazil. RESULTS: The mean stress level was 4.41 (± 0.77) and the general stress level was 4.36 (± 0.76), with a significant difference (p
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
Authors: Bierhals CCBK, Day CB, Mocellin D, Santos NOD, Predebon ML, Pizzol FLFD, Fuhrmann AC, Medeiros GG, Aires M, Paskulin LMG Abstract AIM: To verify the relation of a nursing home care educational intervention in the use of health services by elderly people post-stroke. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial conducted with 44 family caregivers of elderly people post-stroke. Data was collected between May/2016 and July/2018 in a hospital in the South of Brazil and at the participants' homes. The intervention group (IG=21) received home visits by nurses after hospital discharge. The control group (CG=23) had...
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Nicolás F. Cordeiro, Andrés Iriarte, Lucía Yim, Laura Betancor, José Alejandro Chabalgoity, Teresa Camou, Rafael Vignoli
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Chawla R, Jaggi S Abstract The intricate relationship between obesity and T2DM is well recognised, as evidenced by the coining of the term 'diabesity' by Dr Ethan Sims that encompasses the two.Most patients with type 2 diabetes are obese and the global rise in obesity largely explains the epidemic rise in incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes(T2DM) over the last few decades. Obesity has been linked to insulin resistance and predisposes to metabolic abnormalities including prediabetes, type diabetes and the metabolic syndrome.Weight reduction is an essential component to prevent progression from predi...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prevalence and viral load in subgingival sites of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) positive (HIV+) individuals, correlating subgingival EBV load to the clinical periodontal condition, HIV systemic load, EBV systemic load, and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART).Method and materials: Ninety individuals were recruited and divided into three categories: those without periodontal disease (G1), with gingivitis (G2), and with periodontitis (G3). Subgingival biofilm and blood samples were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCR). A questionn...
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is moderate recognition of the contribution of dental prescriptions to the opioid epidemic. Several tools are available to increase patient education and practitioner knowledge about the safe use of opioids with a focus on patients at greatest risk.
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Oksi J, Anttila VJ, Mattila E Abstract Clostridioides (formerly: Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of diarrhea for inpatients as well as outpatients. Usually, CDI is healthcare-associated but the number of community-acquired infections is increasing. CDI is generally associated with changes in the normal intestinal microbiota caused by administration of antibiotics. Elderly and immunocompromised patients are at greater risk for CDI and CDI recurrence. Recently, the treatment options of CDI have undergone major changes: current recommendations speak against using metronidazole for prim...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pregnancy Malaria;   Bacterial Vaginoses;   Trichomonas Vaginitis Interventions:   Drug: IPTp-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine plus metronidazole;   Drug: IPTp-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine plus metronidazole;   Drug: IPTp-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine Sponsor:   London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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