Effect of various factors on articular cartilage and their implications on arthroscopic procedures: A review of literature

Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and TraumaAuthor(s): Sandeep Kohli, Varun Tandra, Abhinav Gulihar
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Condition:   Shoulder Dislocation Interventions:   Procedure: Arthroscopic Washout Only;   Procedure: Arthroscopic Bankart Repair Sponsor:   Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionUse of FNB at the time of primary ACL reconstruction can negatively affect achievement of isokinetic extension strength return to sport criteria. FNB increases risk of graft rupture within the first year after surgery but does not affect re-injury risk during the second. FNB may not be appropriate for use in patients already at high risk of ACL re-injury.Level of evidenceIII.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeOsteoarthritis of knees with varus deformity is associated with a compensatory valgus deformity of the hindfoot and a lateral loading foot pressure pattern. However, whether this abnormal loading pattern is corrected in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is unclear.MethodsThe alignment and loading pattern of 91 consecutive patients (121 knees) undergoing TKA with pre-operative varus more than 10 ° were evaluated prospectively with functional outcome scores, static conventional radiography and dynamic pedobarogaphy pre-operatively and 1-year post-operatively. Outcomes assessed were Oxford Knee Scores, American...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth the semi-tunnel bone bridge and suture anchor fixation for double-bundle anatomic reconstruction of the MPFL can effectively restore patellar stability and improve knee function. The semi-tunnel bone bridge technique achieved statistically better knee function than the suture anchor technique at a minimum 5-year follow-up.Level of evidenceIII.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint SurgeryAuthor(s): Raju Vaishya, Maduka Celestine Okwuchukwu, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Vipul VijayAbstractAnterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are common in the knee and are often caused by sports injuries. These injuries are common among the young population of the society and are significant causes of morbidity and functional impairment. Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction (ACLR) is considered as a gold standard in the management of ACL injuries. ACLR has been shown to restore the joint stability, and improve the functional outcome. Nevert...
Source: Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: We suggested our A/S-CRPP surgical technique for displaced pediatric LCF. It may require a 6-month learning curve period. Although more studies are needed, it seems to be a safe and appropriate surgical technique for treatment. Level of Evidence: Level IV—therapeutic study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to analyze the influence of several factors on the temperature in the work chamber during shoulder arthroscopy procedures in order to identify danger zones when using radiofrequency.MethodsIntraarticular temperature was measured intraoperatively using system with special probe that directly measured the temperature in 22 patients. Data collection was prospective. The main parameters studied were the measurement of the temperature depending on: localization of the procedure (glenohumeral or subacromial), the use of coagulation or ablation, the number of portals, the pressure of the a...
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Kim H, Shin DC, Lee KS, Jang IT, Lee K Abstract Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign tumorous condition commonly found in tendon sheathes, bursa, or joint synovium. Unlike the diffuse type which invades the entire synovium of the affected joint, synovium of localized PVNS shows relatively normal appearance. It presents nonspecific symptoms and typically progresses for a long time but acute locking phenomenon or internal derangement of knee symptoms suddenly commence in early stage. In this article, we present a 48-year-old female patient with well-capsulated localized PVNS with intra-capsula...
Source: Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We believe that concomitant coracoplasty during arthroscopic repair may not be a necessary routine in the treatment of isolated subscapularis tears. PMID: 31291858 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi Source Type: research
This study aims to compare two single-step arthroscopic techniques, microfracture and cell-free scaffold implantation, in the treatment of talar osteochondral lesions (OCLs) clinically and radiologically. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 62 patients (35 males, 27 females; mean age 41±13 years; range, 15 to 65 years) diagnosed with talar OCLs between March 2007 and January 2015. Patients who were followed-up with a minimum of 24 months with lesions larger than 1 cm2 were included. Pre- and postoperative clinical evaluations were performed according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle ...
Source: Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi Source Type: research
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