Trends in Processed Meat, Unprocessed Red Meat, Poultry, and Fish Consumption in the United States, 1999-2016

Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Volume 119, Issue 7Author(s): Luxian Zeng, Mengyuan Ruan, Junxiu Liu, Parke Wilde, Elena N. Naumova, Dariush Mozaffarian, Fang Fang ZhangAbstractBackgroundAccumulating evidence links excessive consumption of processed meat with an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some cancers. Yet, trends in consumption of different types of processed meat in the United States have not been quantified.ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to characterize trends in consumption of different types of processed meat among US adults in relation to the consumption of unprocessed red meat, poultry, and fish/shellfish in the past 18 years, and their purchase locations.DesignDietary data collected from US adults aged 20 years and older completing at least one valid 24-hour diet recall from nine cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2016) were used to evaluate the trends in mean consumption of processed meat, unprocessed red meat, poultry, and fish/shellfish.Participants/settingThis was a nationally representative sample of 43,995 US adults aged 20 years and older.Main outcome measuresWe measured survey-weighted, energy-adjusted mean consumption of processed meat, unprocessed red meat, poultry, and fish/shellfish.Statistical analysisTrends in mean intake were assessed by treating the 2-year survey cycle as a continuous variable in survey-weighted linea...
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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