Theaflavic acid from black tea protects PC12 cells against ROS-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis induced by OGD/R via activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway

AbstractCerebral ischemic stroke is a severe disease afflicting people worldwide. Phytochemicals play a pivotal role in the discovery of novel therapeutic approaches for the prevention of ischemic stroke. In our continual search for bioactive natural products for the treatment of ischemic stroke, we have evaluated the protective effects of theaflavic acid (TFA) from black tea using PC12 cells injured by oxygen and glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R), and investigated the possible mechanisms. The results showed that TFA can protect PC12 cells against OGD/R through increasing cell viability and decreasing intracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Further investigations found that TFA could inhibit the overproduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduce malondialdehyde content, and elevate superoxide dismutase activity, which implied that TFA suppresses oxidative stress in PC12 cells induced by OGD/R. In addition, overload of intracellular calcium and collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential were improved in the presence of TFA, and the activity of caspase-3 was significantly reduced by TFA. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated while Bax was down-regulated. Therefore, it can be concluded that TFA can inhibit mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by OGD/R. In addition, activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response elements (ARE) signaling pathw...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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We hypothesized that the store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) channel, Orai1, participates in the activation of Th17 cells and influences renal injury. In rats, following renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), there was a rapid and sustained influx of Orai1+ CD4 T cells and IL-17 expression was restricted to Orai1+ cells. When kidney CD4+ cells of post–acute kidney injury (post-AKI) rats were stimulated with angiotensin II and elevated Na+ (10–7 M/170 mM) in vitro, there was an enhanced response in intracellular Ca2+ and IL-17 expression, which was blocked by SOCE inhibitors 2APB, YM58483/BTP2, or AnCoA4. In vivo, YM...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
A strong Th17 inflammatory response aggravates ischemia reperfusion–induced (IR-induced) acute kidney injury (AKI), tissue fibrosis, and AKI-to–chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. However, the underlying mechanisms of sustained Th17 activation following AKI and during AKI-to-CKD progression are unclear. In this issue of the JCI, Mehrotra et al. present compelling evidence that the store-operated calcium (Ca2+) channel Orai1 sustains Th17-driven inflammatory response after AKI and drives the AKI-to-CKD transition. Orai1 blockade significantly protected renal function from IR, attenuated high-salt–ind...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the applicability of multiple linear regression, nonlinear regression, piecewise linear regression, and artificial neural network modelling for the prediction of the physical properties (total dissolved solids, extraction yield), and chemical properties (total phenolic content and antioxidant activity) of the aqueous extracts of nine medicinal plants (dandelion, camomile, lavender, lemon balm, marigold, mint, nettle, plantain, and yarrow), prepared in dynamic experiments based on the extraction conditions (time and temperature), and plant species. Results indicated that simple mu...
Source: Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Vikram Shaw, Suyash Srivastava, Sanjay K. SrivastavaAbstractThe recent development of high throughput compound screening has allowed drug repurposing to emerge as an effective avenue for discovering novel treatments for cancer. FDA-approved antipsychotic drugs fluspirilene, penfluridol, and pimozide are clinically used for the treatment of psychotic disorders, primarily schizophrenia. These compounds, belong to diphenylbutylpiperidine class of antipsychotic drugs, are the potent inhibitors of dopamine D2 receptor and calcium chan...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
More News: Antidoxidants | Black Tea | Calcium | Drugs & Pharmacology | Ischemic Stroke | Mitochondria | Mitochondrial Disease | Stroke | Translocation