Prostaglandin E2 and an EP4 Receptor Agonist Inhibit LPS-Induced Monocyte Chemotactic Protein 5 Production and Secretion in Mouse Cardiac Fibroblasts via Akt and NF-κB Signaling

ConclusionExogenous treatment of PGE2 and the EP4 receptor agonist blocked the pro-inflammatory actions of LPS. Mechanistically, this was mediated via reduced Akt phosphorylation and inhibition of NF-κB.
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research

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AbstractThe use of cocaine constitutes a major health problem. Cocaine use is associated with acute and chronic complications that might involve any system, the most common being the cardiovascular system. The precise incidence of cocaine-induced cardiomyopathy remains mysterious and probably underreported. Cocaine use should be considered in young patients presenting with chest pain or heart failure without other underlying risk factors. Cocaine-related cardiovascular complications can be acute or chronic and include ischemic and non-ischemic events. Frequent cocaine users have a seven-fold higher risk of myocardial infar...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study enrolled an institutional consecutive surgical series of 24 patients with refractory congestive heart failure under peripheral ECLS, related to fulminant myocarditis (n = 15), dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 5), or acute myocardial infarction (n = 4). They were converted to central Y-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO,n = 6), extracorporeal ventricular assist device (EC-VAD,n = 12), or pump catheter (n = 6), dependent upon the degree of multiorgan failure. Despite the different degree of multiorgan failure prior to the convers...
Source: Journal of Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, α1-antitrypsin and lectin-like oxidized low-density-lipoprotein receptor-1 seem to represent two good markers in HF and therapeutic targets, whereas galectin-3 does not. PMID: 31782085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Mol Cell Biochem Source Type: research
AbstractCardiac hypertrophy (CH) is generally considered adaptive responses that may occur after myocardial infarction, pressure overload, volume overload, inflammatory heart muscle disease, or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, whereas long-term stimulation eventually leads to heart failure (HF). However, the current molecular mechanisms involved in CH are unclear. Recently, increasing evidences reveal that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in CH. Different lncRNAs can promote or inhibit the pathological process of CH by different mechanisms, while the regulation of lncRNAs expression can improve CH. Thus, C...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractHeart diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality world-wide. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) and related LOX-like (LOXL) isoforms play a vital role in remodelling the extracellular matrix (ECM). The LOX family controls ECM formation by cross-linking collagen and elastin chains. LOX/LOXL proteins are copper-dependent amine oxidases that catalyse the oxidation of lysine, causing cross-linking between the lysine moieties of lysine-rich proteins. Dynamic changes in LOX and LOXL protein-expression occur in a variety of cardiac pathologies; these changes are believed to be central to the associated tissue-fibrosis. An awa...
Source: Cardiovascular Research - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In our study, 27.6% of patients were super-responders, and a diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy, absence of a prior history of MI and prior RV apical pacing predicted a super-response to CRT. PMID: 31779862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Heart J - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Indian Heart J Source Type: research
Heart failure is a worldwide pandemic with an unacceptable high level of morbidity and mortality. Understanding the different pathophysiological mechanisms will contribute to prevention and individualized therapy of heart failure. We established mouse models for ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by inducing myocardial infarction and Coxsackievirus B3 infection respectively. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation and liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry technology was used to identify the protein expression profiles in control and failing hearts. A total of 1...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we report the age-associated differences between fetal MSC (fMSC) populations and MSCs isolated from elderly donors with respect to their transcriptomes. We successfully reprogrammed fMSCs (55 days post conception) and adult MSC (aMSC; 60-74 years) to iPSCs and, subsequently, generated the corresponding iMSCs. In addition, iMSCs were also derived from ESCs. The iMSCs were similar although not identical to primary MSCs. We unraveled a putative rejuvenation and aging gene expression signature. We show that iMSCs irrespective of donor age and cell type re-acquired a similar secretome to that of th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Many researchers are exploring the therapeutic utility of microRNAs involved in fundamental cellular processes such as replication. These molecules act to regulate the processes of gene expression, determining how much of specific proteins are produced from their genetic blueprints, and when. Protein amounts are the switches and dials of cellular operation, and delivering microRNAs into cells is one possible way to steer cells into useful behavior - through the sheer complexity of the cell makes identifying the right tools to use quite difficult, and any given microRNA may produce quite sweeping changes, only few of which ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
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