Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid for maintenance of surgically-induced remission in Crohn's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: 5-ASA preparations are superior to placebo for the maintenance of surgically-induced clinical remission in patients with CD (moderate certainty). The number needed to treat to prevent one relapse was 13 patients. The evidence for endoscopic remission is uncertain. The sulphasalazine class of 5-ASA agents failed to demonstrate superiority against placebo, 5-ASAs failed to demonstrate superiority compared to no treatment (very low and low certainty). The efficacy of two different doses of the same 5-ASA and the efficacy of 5-ASA compared to purine antimetabolites (azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine) in maintaining surgically-induced remission of CD remains unclear. However, purine analogues lead to more serious adverse events and discontinuation due to adverse events. There is a low certainty that 5-ASA is inferior for maintaining surgically-induced remission of CD compared to biologics (anti TNF-ɑ). 5-ASA formulations appear to be safe with no difference in the occurrence of adverse events or withdrawal when compared with placebo, no treatment or biologics. PMID: 31220875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Objectives: A previous pilot study demonstrated that various fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) of ibuprofen (IBU) and acetaminophen (APAP) provided analgesic efficacy comparable to a higher dose of IBU, with the same safety profile. These studies further evaluated the chosen FDC IBU/APAP 250/500 mg formulation. Materials and Methods: Two phase 3 dental pain studies enrolled healthy young patients with ≥moderate pain after ≥3 third molar extractions who received single-dose FDC IBU/APAP 250/500 mg, IBU 250 mg, APAP 650 mg, or placebo evaluated over 12 hours (study 1) or multiple-dose FDC ...
Discussion: Recovery is a multidimensional and complex construct. In addition to pain intensity and disability, measurement and conceptualization of recovery should focus on emotional well-being, self-perception, and the cultural values and beliefs of the individual. A positive therapeutic relationship, with attention to psychological and social influences, appears to be important in facilitating recovery and well-being.
This study aimed to develop a method that objectively measures the clinical benefits of ketamine infusions to treat complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), thus making it possible, for the first time, to determine the optimal dosing of ketamine and duration of treatment to treat CRPS. Materials and Methods: All patients were diagnosed with hyperalgesia associated with CRPS. Patients underwent an outpatient, 4-day, escalating dose ketamine infusion. Hyperalgesia was measured using pain thresholds. Clinical outcome was determined without knowledge of the patient’s pain thresholds throughout treatment. Results: We ...
Discussion: The current study confirmed that individuals preparing a movement attended more toward somatosensory stimuli at the lower back when anticipating back pain during the movement, as measured by the N96 SEP. However, no differences were found between participants with chronic low back pain or recurrent low back pain, or the pain-free controls.
Discussion: A significant difference in therapy effect, favoring acupuncture, was found for pain at
Discussion: Participants were knowledgeable regarding chronic pain, but still indicated that receiving a definite diagnosis would be the most helpful intervention. Most had tried multiple interventions and did not believe that further medication, testing, or surgery would solve their pain. Instead, parents presenting at this Functional Abdominal Pain Program appeared most hopeful about the benefits of multidisciplinary treatment approaches including psychological interventions, a focus on activity and functioning, and complementary and alternative medicine interventions.
Objectives: Adductor canal block (ACB) could provide effective postoperative pain control for patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, some authors pointed out that the ACB as originally described may be more similar to a femoral triangle block (FTB). Recent neuroanatomic evidences made the authors conjecture that the “true” ACB would provide superior analgesia compared with FTB. Therefore, the study was designed to determine the hypothesis that postoperative analgesia after TKA could be improved by a “true” ACB compared with FTB. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing unilate...
Discussion: Normal levels of pressure pain tolerance at baseline predicted greater improvement in clinical pain severity after EAET than CBT. Quantitative sensory testing may provide insights about individual responses to psychologically based therapies for individuals with chronic pain.
No abstract available
No abstract available