Can We Trust the Literature on Risk Factors and Triggers for Low Back Pain? A Systematic Review of a Sample of Contemporary Literature.

Conclusion: Trustworthy information regarding RFs and triggers of LBP is rare in the current literature. Future research needs to use precise definitions of LBP (onset of the "disease" vs. episodes) and nominate the timing of the associated factors in relation to the types of LBP as these are two critical factors when studying causes of LBP. PMID: 31214272 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research

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Back pain is a pervasive public health problem with two-thirds of the population experiencing it at some point in their lives and associated with significant costs for both treatment and associated loss of productivity. When pain is persistent, traditional single service approaches to treating back pain may be insufficient, as they do not address the psychosocial factors which frequently impact an individual's pain experience.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract A 40-year-old woman with a history of chronic low back pain underwent a fluoroscopically guided intradiscal platelet-rich plasma injection (PRP) at the L5-S1 level. She subsequently developed progressive low back pain, night sweats and decreased ability to ambulate. Laboratory work-up revealed elevated acute phase reactants and imaging revealed L5-S1 intervertebral disc and vertebral end-plate abnormalities highly suggestive of spondylodiscitis. Computed tomography-guided aspiration and biopsy cultures grew Cutibacterium acnes and the patient was subsequently treated with intravenous antibiotics without s...
Source: Regenerative Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Regen Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Changes in patients’ attitudes toward adopting a pain self-management approach may serve as one of the therapeutic mechanisms and predict long-term function. This study also revealed that changed attitudes toward chronic pain self-management remain quite stable over time. Adoption of beliefs consistent with chronic pain self-management during treatment may promote sustained benefits.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The objective of this study will be to identify the most effective interventions to relieve pain and reduce disability in acute and sub-acute non-specific LBP.Methods/designWe will search electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL) from inception onwards. The eligible population will be individuals with non-specific LBP older than 18  years, both males and females, who experience pain less than 6 weeks (acute) or between 6 and 12 weeks (subacute). Eligible interventions and comparators will include all conservative rehabilitation or pharmacological treatments provided by any health professional; th...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ochronosis is a very rare disease in Asia. This paper supplies new information for study of this disease. The mechanism is still unknown right now. Further studies will be necessary.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study showed a partial progress in respect of the methodological quality of the Clinical practice Guidelines. Several AGREE II domains demonstrated low scores, particularly the "applicability" and "monitoring and auditing criteria" are the domains most susceptible to amendments in future. Implications for rehabilitation Clinicians should be aware that among recently published/updated clinical practice guidelines for the management of chronic low back pain in primary care only few were deemed to have high quality. Increasing evidence suggests the efficacy for self-management to improve ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Biofeedback relaxation is a suitable method in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain. Its use in interdisciplinary multimodal pain programs should be encouraged. PMID: 31346772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Schmerz - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Schmerz Source Type: research
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a condition that commonly consumes many resources and creates economic burden for the health care system. Evidence-informed care is crucial to guide management and prevent unnecessary procedures, including diagnostic imaging. Conservative therapy is currently recommended as the first-line and the most cost-effective treatment. Antibiotic therapy and surgical procedures are considered last resort treatment options for CLBP. The aim of this article is to summarize CLBP options for nurse practitioners (NP).
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Featured Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal approach to treating chronic low back pain.Recent FindingsChronic non-cancer-related back pain is often a frustrating and poorly managed problem for patients. It poses a significant public health issue worsened by the widespread use of narcotics. In 2016, the CDC released guidelines with noticeably more strict recommendations on prescription of narcotics for pain.SummaryVeterans at an interventional pain clinic presenting with chronic back pain refractory to medical and to surgical care were enrolled in an 8-week interdiscip...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Discussion: The current case series describes the use of a targeted exercise approach consisting mostly of hip abductor strengthening in a group of patients with CLBP and hip abductor weakness. The results indicated that this approach may be effective in reducing pain and improving function, particularly for older patients.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Case Series Source Type: research
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