Comparing Micro-Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery in Treating 1 –2 cm Solitary Renal Stones in Pediatric Patients Younger Than 3 Years

To compare the effects of micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treating 1 –2 cm solitary renal stones in pediatric patients aged less than 3 years.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research

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A 68-year-old Black female with a history of hypertension, type II diabetes mellitus, nephrolithiasis complicated by recurrent pyelonephritis status post lithotripsy and nephroureteral stents, and stage IIIB diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in complete remission 30 months after completing therapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) presented to the Emergency Department with three days of subjective fever, left flank pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Diagnostic Dilemma Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the serum level of zonulin, which is an intestinal permeability (IP) biomarker, in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and to investigate the relationship between zonulin, calcium, and parathormone (PTH) levels.MethodsThe study included 34 healthy control (HC) and 39 patients with PHPT. Serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, creatinine, albumin, and 24  h urine calcium levels were measured in all groups. Serum levels of zonulin were measured quantitatively by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Urinary ultrasonography (to assess the presence of nephrolithiasis) and dual energy X-ray a...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionComplications frequently occur in EPN patients as compared to pyelonephritis.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Strictures of the ureter may occur from iatrogenic injury or impacted kidney stones. Complications from ureteroscopy may result in ureteral stricture in 0,5 – 2% of patients (1). Many methods of surgical correction have been described. Long proximal ureteral strictures are generally treated by replacement of the ureter with a segment of ileum, which is associated with significant morbidity. New techniques are being described in order to minimize the m orbidity associated with classic approaches, such as ureteroplasty with buccal mucosa graft, but there are no published articles of ureteroplasty using a gonadal vein as a graft.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Video Bank Source Type: research
AbstractTo investigate the reliability of newly defined CT-related parameters and cardiovascular risk factors in groups adjusted for stone size and location to predict spontaneous stone passage (SP) of uncomplicated ureteral stones  ≤ 10 mm. The data of 280 adult patients with solitary unilateral ureteral stones ≤ 10 mm in diameter in non-contrast computed tomography were prospectively recorded. All patients undergoing a four-week observation protocol with medical expulsive therapy using tamsulosin were divided i nto two groups according to SP or no SP. Demographic, clinical and ...
Source: Urolithiasis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, patients with a ureteral catheter associated with APN should be given close attention with regards to the above risk factors. Early removal of the catheter is the best policy for the prevention of APN. PMID: 32975161 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
To determine if SES correlates with severity of kidney stone disease and 24-hour urine parameters.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Endourology and Stones Source Type: research
This article serves to provide an overview of these tools and help delineate their role in current practice.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe conclude that specific urinary metabolic risk factors can be found in most children with kidney stones, with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia being the most common diagnoses.Graphical abstract.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Diet-dependent net acid load may influence the risk of kidney stone formation by affecting calcium and citrate excretion. However, to date, little research has investigated the relationship between dietary acid load and kidney stones. Therefore, this study sought to assess whether a diet high in potential acid load was related to the risk of calcium oxalate stone formation.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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