Body composition, physical fitness, physical activity and nutrition in Polish and Spanish female students of sports sciences

ConclusionsCurricula should be adapted, in Poland to promote a healthier lifestyle and in Spain to improve body composition and physical fitness.RésuméObjectifsIl est important d’étudier les différences de composition corporelle, de forme physique et de modes de vie entre des étudiants universitaires de différents pays pour élaborer des recommandations spécifiques à chaque pays en matière de santé promotion lors de la transition vers l’université. L’objectif de cette étude était d’analyser les différences de composition corporelle, de forme physique et de mode de vie entre étudiants en sciences des activités physiques et sportives polonais et espagnols.Matériel et méthodesDeux cent trente étudiantes ont participé. Cent quatre-vingt-huit polonaises et 42 femmes espagnoles. Les polonaises étaient âgées de 21,2 ± 1,9 ans et les espagnoles de 21,1 ± 2,2. Les variables de composition mesurées étaient : poids corporel (kg), masse maigre (FFM, kg et %), masse grasse (FM, kg et %), eau totale (TBW, kg et %), métabolisme de base (MB, kcal), indice de masse corporelle (IMC, kg/m2), sans graisse indice de masse (FFMI, kg/m2), indice de masse grasse (FMI, kg/m2). Les variables de condition physique mesurées étaient le...
Source: Science and Sports - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Interinstitutional coordination should be promoted through joint meetings, and also training classes on disaster management and its implementation should be held. Moreover, up-to-date clinical protocols must be accessible to personnel, and facilities and resources needed in the disaster should be provided.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Those receiving hypnotherapy did marginally better concerning alcohol use at 1-year follow-up. This small advantage for hypnotherapy could indicate an effect, rendered nonsignificant by an underpowered study. It could also be that neither MI nor hypnotherapy gave an additional effect on top of the substantial group therapy. Lastly the findings could indicate that hypnotherapy is at least as effective as MI.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Substance abuse affects male sexual functions negatively. There are limited studies about the effects of substance abuse on male sexual functions in our country. For this reason, there is a need for more extensive prospective studies.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 239Author(s): Carlos Alberto Gómez-Aldapa, Gonzalo Velazquez, Miguel C. Gutierrez, Esmeralda Rangel-Vargas, Javier Castro-Rosas, Rocio Yaneli Aguirre-LoredoAbstractBiodegradable films based on starches have poor mechanical and barrier properties, limiting their applications as a food packaging material. The combination of two or more polymers allows obtaining new materials with better functional properties. Mixtures at different proportions (0–60%) of polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) were studied and the effect on water adsorption, water v...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life, Volume 22Author(s): Rim Gheribi, Mohamed Amine Gharbi, Monia El Ouni, Khaoula KhwaldiaAbstractNovel films were developed by blending cactus mucilage (CM) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) at four different ratios (90:10, 80:20, 70:30, and 60:40, CM: PVA). The developed composites were characterized for their structural, optical, physical, barrier, mechanical and thermal properties. Optimum CM/PVA blend was obtained at the ratio 80:20 giving an increase in tensile strength, elongation at break and water contact angle by 165%, 14% and 24%, respectively. Further...
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study reports the heat-induced formation of furan by decarboxylation of 2-furoic acid, and 2-methylfuran by dehydration of furfuryl alcohol under dry conditions. Model systems were incubated at temperatures up to 190°C, followed by quantitative determination of furan and 2-methylfuran performed by isotope dilution headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results show that 2-furoic acid decarboxylation and furfuryl alcohol dehydration are activated as from about 140-160°C. Furfuryl alcohol and 2-furoic acids were measured in a selection of roasted coffee products by isotope dilution liquid chromatography...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 10 October 2019Source: Journal of Biotechnology, Volume 304Author(s): Melissa Horvat, Giuseppe Fiume, Susanne Fritsche, Margit WinklerAbstractA novel type III fungal CAR was identified from the organism Thermothelomyces thermophila. High expression levels were observed in E. coli using the pETDuet-1 plasmid system in combination with an autoinduction protocol. A broad substrate scope ranging from aromatic to aliphatic carboxylic acids was tested and TtCAR showed activity for all substrates. High specific activities for aromatic substrates and short chain aliphatic substrates were observed, comparable to t...
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Conclusions/importance: Alexithymia worked through negative mood and alcohol craving leading to increased alcohol dependence severity, indicating that craving had an indirect effect on the relationship between alexithymia and alcohol dependence severity. Targeting alcohol craving and negative mood for alcohol-dependent patients with alexithymia seems warranted. PMID: 31429362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Journal of Organometallic ChemistryAuthor(s): Arpita Chatterjee, Rohini Saha, Poulami Pal, Sonjoy Mondal, Kuheli ChakrabartyAbstractReport shows that the cyclopropanated pentacyclic and pyran derivatives undergo ring opening reaction to form monocyclic compounds under the catalysis of Zeise's salt. Present study on the mechanism of the rearrangement reaction by density functional theory shows that this reaction prefers the involvement of two metal atoms, provided by the Zeise's dimer to generate the product. Moreover an external water molecule or alcohol is required ...
Source: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Catalysis TodayAuthor(s): Sanchari Basu, Narayan C. PradhanAbstractVapor phase hydrogenation of acetone was carried out over Cu-Al mixed oxide catalysts. The catalysts were synthesized via co-precipitation method with Cu:Al atomic ratio varied from 0.25 to 1. The characterization of the catalysts was done by using XRD, BET, FESEM (coupled with EDS), FTIR, H2-TPR, NH3-TPD and CO2-TPD. The performance of the synthesized catalysts was evaluated in a continuous packed bed reactor by varying parameters such as temperature (150 to 225 °C), H2/acetone mole ratio (0.5 to...
Source: Catalysis Today - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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