The Effect of Lumbosacral Orthosis on the Thickness of Deep Trunk Muscles Using Ultrasound Imaging: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain

Conclusions Wearing lumbosacral orthosis for an average of 7.21 hrs/d for 4 wks in conjunction with routine physical therapy did not affect the thickness of obliquus internus, transversus abdominis, and lumbar multifidus.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

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Patient access to current best evidence primary care treatment for acute lower back remains highly problematic. Treatment pathway models have the potential to improve patient access to care, provide seamless transitions from one form of treatment to another, optimize clinical outcomes, improve cost-effectiveness and reduce progression to chronic illness /pain. A standardized protocol of hospital-based outpatient clinic chiropractic lumbar spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) as a component of care for patients with acute lower back pain (ALBP) has been previously validated.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Back pain is a pervasive public health problem with two-thirds of the population experiencing it at some point in their lives and associated with significant costs for both treatment and associated loss of productivity. When pain is persistent, traditional single service approaches to treating back pain may be insufficient, as they do not address the psychosocial factors which frequently impact an individual's pain experience.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Despite the large degree of variation in reported efficacy, the use of lumbar epidural steroid injection (LESI) in the treatment of chronic or subacute lower back pain and lumbosacral radiculopathy has been shown to be effective. Many studies have investigated the immediate and delayed adverse effects of LESI, yet little is known of its associated complications in subsequent lumbar spine surgery.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability dramatically reduce quality and quantity of life worldwide, disproportionately so in low- and middle-income countries. Complementary therapies not typically learned in conventional medical training have much to offer but are under-utilized. Prolotherapy is an injection-based complementary therapy supported by high-quality evidence for osteoarthritis, tendinopathy, and low back pain. Prolotherapy addresses causes of pain and disability at the tissue level, is straightforward to learn, and relies on common, inexpensive material, and requires no refrigeration. Not-for-profit organiz...
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this study, the coastal areas of South Korea carry a higher burden than the national population. Additionally, chronic diseases compose the majority of the health burden in coastal areas. Despite the limitation of data, YLD was the best tool available for evaluating the health outcomes in specific areas, and has the advantage of simplicity and timely analysis.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract A 40-year-old woman with a history of chronic low back pain underwent a fluoroscopically guided intradiscal platelet-rich plasma injection (PRP) at the L5-S1 level. She subsequently developed progressive low back pain, night sweats and decreased ability to ambulate. Laboratory work-up revealed elevated acute phase reactants and imaging revealed L5-S1 intervertebral disc and vertebral end-plate abnormalities highly suggestive of spondylodiscitis. Computed tomography-guided aspiration and biopsy cultures grew Cutibacterium acnes and the patient was subsequently treated with intravenous antibiotics without s...
Source: Regenerative Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Regen Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsFrom a Dutch national health ‐care context, when the willingness to pay threshold is up to 60.000 Euros per QALY, PNFS as an add‐on therapy to SCS for the treatment of low back pain in FBSS patients has a high probability of being cost‐effective.
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this multicentric observational study, referral to an FRP was linked to pain, self-reported physical activity and sick leave but not medical characteristics assessed. These findings confirm the bio-psycho-social approach of FRPs for cLBP.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Conclusion. These data demonstrate that DM may contribute to IDD by increasing aggrecan degradation and promoting cell apoptosis, which may represent early indicators of the involvement of DM in the pathogenesis of IDD. Level of Evidence: N/A
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Lippincott's Bone and Joint Newsletter - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Perspective Source Type: news
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