Selective detection of Escherichia coli caused UTIs with surface imprinted plasmonic nanoscale sensor

Publication date: November 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 104Author(s): Sinem Diken Gür, Monireh Bakhshpour, Adil DenizliAbstractThe aim of the present study was developing a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) nanosensor to detect Escherichia coli (E. coli) for the diagnosis of urinary tract infections by using surface imprinted Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a recognition element. In order to realize imprinting, Cu(II) ions were used to provide interaction between E. coli cell wall and amine functionalized AuNPs forming cavities on the surface of nanosensor. E. coli surface imprinted AuNPs nanosensor was characterized by using ellipsometry, contact angle measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The real time detection of E. coli was evaluated by using E. coli suspensions in the concentration range of 1 × 103–0.5 × 101 CFU/mL. Combination of the signal enhancing properties of AuNPs and surface imprinting technique provided ultrasensitive detection with a comparatively low limit of detection value (1 CFU/mL) to the SPR nanosensor system. Selectivity experiments were performed by using Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The highest response was recorded for E. coli, as expected. Additionally, the recognition of E. coli even in a complex medium such as artificial urine sample was achieved by the developed nanosensing system. Also, this chip can b...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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Abstract Neutrophils are important mediators of the antimicrobial defense during urinary tract infections (UTIs). When activated at the site of infection, these innate immune cells phagocytose and neutralize an invading pathogen. Another neutrophil defense strategy is the release of effectors, such as antimicrobial peptides and proteins stored in neutrophil granules and reactive oxygen species. Their release can be facilitated by cellular signals that trigger chromatic decondensation and the disruption of nuclear membranes, followed by granule and plasma membrane disintegration, DNA release into the extracellular ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
In this study, a series of phosphate-based glasses; (P2O5)50(Na2O)20(CaO)30-x (ZnO)x were prepared with increasing concentration of zinc oxide to determine the antimicrobial effect against clinically relevant microorganisms. The addition of 1 and 3 mol% zinc oxide decreased glass degradation however a higher dissolution rate was observed for 5 and 10 mol% ZnO. The antimicrobial results showed a concentration dependent effect on the viability of microorganisms. When in direct contact zinc doped glasses showed a complete kill, within 24 h, against Escherichia coli and a significant (p 
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfection control priorities in hospitals should include prevention of surgical site infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections and urinary tract infections. These results may help to delineate the requirements for infection prevention and control in acute care hospitals.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: CAuthor(s): Harish Chandra, Deepak Patel, Pragati Kumari, J.S. Jangwan, Saurabh YadavAbstractThe field of nanoscience or nanotechnology is gaining popularity day by day and it is now well established field of interdisciplinary sciences. Nanoparticles are synthesized by various methods but suffer from few limitations such as toxicity. To overcome the limitations of various synthesis methods, the focus has shifted to new radius which involves biological organisms such as plants i.e. green synthesis. This phyto-mediated approach using v...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Some Lactobacillus strains exhibit anti-CRE activity, which suggests potential applications for controlling or preventing CRE colonization or infection. Introduction Although Enterobacteriaceae are normal flora of the human intestinal system, they are also common pathogens causing human infections in the setting of both community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections (Hsueh et al., 2010; Toh et al., 2012; Lai et al., 2014; Jean et al., 2016). In this era of widespread antibiotic resistance, Enterobacteriaceae are no exception. Recently, the emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (C...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHAIs and increasing antimicrobial resistance present a significant burden to the Ukraine hospital system. Infection control priorities in hospitals should include preventing surgical site infections, respiratory tract infections (which also include PNEU and LRTI), bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections, as well preventing infections due to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we demonstrated that the selective boosting of lung innate immunity is a conceptually advantageous approach for improving the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment and fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Introduction Pneumonia constitutes a major cause of death, morbidity and health resource use worldwide. The main causative agents identified in adult patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are viruses (in 27–30% of cases, the most common being rhinovirus, influenza and coronavirus) and bacteria (14–23% of cases, with a marked predominance of Streptococcus pneumonia...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was designed to determine the prevalence of UTI by isolating and characterizing the different bacterial etiological agents and to evaluate the factors associated with UTI. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 267, clean catch midstream urine (MSU) samples were collected aseptically and analyzed using standard microbiology methods. Data for the factors associated with UTI were obtained by use of questionnaires and standard laboratory tests for selected underlying conditions. The study revealed 86/267 (32.2%) UTI prevalence among patients attending hospitals in Bushenyi District, Uganda. Escherichia coli was ...
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
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