Body dissatisfaction and symptoms of bulimia nervosa prospectively predict suicide ideation in adolescents - Perkins NM, Brausch AM.

OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of eating disorders have been established as significant concurrent correlates with suicide ideation and behaviors in adolescent samples, but very few studies have examined eating disorder symptoms as prospective risk factors for suicid...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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PURPOSE: Risk factors of negative affect, body dissatisfaction, distress tolerance, and negative urgency are independently associated with bulimia symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). However, relationships of these risk factors within comorbid pr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
This study examined relationships between BPD symptoms and symptoms of bulimia nervosa (BN) and anorexia nervosa (AN), including whether the nine BPD symptoms differentially relate to BN versus AN. Participants were 208 adolescent psychiatric inpatients. BPD symptoms, measured via structured interview, correlated more strongly with self-reported BN than AN symptoms. BN and AN symptoms were greater among individuals who endorsed unstable relationships, affective instability, emptiness, identity disturbance, inappropriate anger, dissociation/paranoia, and suicidal behavior. BN, but not AN symptoms, were higher when impulsivi...
Source: Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results support etiological models of bulimia and NSSI, and suggest deficits in emotion regulation strengthen risk of comorbid presentations. Furthermore, individuals with greater impulsivity and difficulty tolerating distress are at increased risk of engaging in both bulimia behaviors and NSSI, providing targets for clinical intervention. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 31292855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Yes: there are opiates that derive from various food proteins that exert peculiar effects on the human brain. The worst? The opiates that come from the gliadin protein of wheat and related grains. Opiate receptor researchers at the National Institutes of Health originally coined the term “gluteomorphin” nearly 40 years ago when it was determined that the gliadin protein of wheat undergoes partial digestion (since humans lack the digestive enzymes to fully digest proline-rich amino acid sequences in proteins from seeds of grasses) to yield peptides that are 4- to 5-amino acids long. Some of these peptides w...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Opioids addictive binge eating bulimia eating disorders Gliadin opiates wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and is also elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN). We carried out a systematic review in which we analyzed the relationship between AN and/or BN and suicidality...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Teens are known to have a penchant for impulsivity and instant gratification. Even scientists have studied these habits and come to the conclusion that teen brains are simply wired for risk. But just what kind of at-risk or high-risk behaviors should parents be on the lookout for? To start with, at-risk behaviors are defined as anything that puts adolescents on the path to future negative consequences such as injury, poor health, incarceration and even death. Since most teens rarely think ahead to the consequences of their actions, it’s up to parents to recognize some of these dangerous behaviors and caution the...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bullying Children and Teens College Parenting Sexuality Substance Abuse Children At Risk Teen Depression Teen Drug Use Source Type: blogs
If you experience depression, you will typically be prescribed an antidepressant, an SSRI or other agent, and have to endure the common side-effects such as weight gain, aggression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, and erectile dysfunction. If you consult a psychologist or counselor, the underlying psychological underpinnings (if any) are explored, strategies devised to cope. But there will almost never be talk about your diet, nutritional deficiencies that amplify dark moods, or the microbiome. Yet there are very powerful strategies available that have potential to substantially lift mood. Such solutions won’t, of course...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates anxiety bowel flora Depression Gliadin gluten-free grain-free grains Inflammation mood wheat belly Source Type: blogs
BACKGROUND: Quantification of suicidal risk in specific populations is important for the adoption of targeted prevention and harm reduction measures. Though there remains little systematic evidence, risk of suicide attempts for bulimia nervosa (BN) and bin...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
Estimates of lifetime bulimia nervosa (BN) range from 4% to 6.7% across studies. There has been a decrease in the presentation of BN in primary care but an increase in disordered eating not meeting full diagnostic criteria. Regardless of diagnostic status, disordered eating is associated with long-term significant impairment to both physical and mental quality of life, and BN is associated with a significantly higher likelihood of self-harm, suicide, and death. Assessment should adopt a motivationally enhancing stance given the high level of ambivalence associated with BN. Cognitive behavior therapy specific to eating diso...
Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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