Interactions Between Gut Microbiota and Acute Childhood Leukemia

Childhood leukemia, the commonest childhood cancer, is mainly consisted of acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia(AML). Though great progresses have been made in the survival rates of childhood leukemia, the long-term health problems of childhood leukemia survivors are remained remarkable. And the deep links between risk factors and childhood leukemia are in great need to be elucidated. What can be done to improve the prevention and the prognosis of childhood leukemia is an essential issue. Gut microbiota, referred to as one of the largest symbiotic microorganisms that accommodated in the gastrointestinal tract of human or animals, is found to be involved in the progression of various diseases. It is reported that microbiota may keep people in good health by participating in metabolism processes and regulating the immune system. Studies have also explored the potential relationships between gut microbiota and childhood leukemia. This review is meant to illustrate the roles of gut microbiota in the onset of acute childhood leukemia, as well as in the progress and prognosis of leukemia and how the treatments for leukemia affect gut microbiota. Besides, this review is focused on the possibility of building or rebuilding a healthy gut microbiota by adjusting the diet construction so as to help clinicians to deal with childhood leukemia.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Abstract Second malignant neoplasms pose a concern for survivors of childhood cancer. We evaluated incidence, type and risk factors for second malignant neoplasms in patients included in Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster protocols for childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. 3590 patients
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that in rural areas of California exposure to certain pesticides or pesticide classes during pregnancy due to residential proximity to agricultural applications may increase the risk of childhood ALL and AML. Future studies into the mechanisms of carcinogenicity of these pesticides may be beneficial. PMID: 32087503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research
This article reviews the current landscape of antibody-based and cellular immunotherapies under current clinical evaluation with an emphasis on active or soon-to-open phase 1 trials for children with relapsed/refractory AML. PMID: 31808843 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: miR-146a could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion and inhibit the apoptosis of AL Jurkat and HL-60 cells by downregulating CNTFR and activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. PMID: 31538427 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Maternal folic acid supplementation was found to have a protective effect against childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Thus, healthcare professionals are recommended to provide regular health education and health promotion to the community on the benefits of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. PMID: 31396374 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2029: Maternal Residential Proximity to Major Roadways and the Risk of Childhood Acute Leukemia: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Texas, 1995–2011 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16112029 Authors: Erin C. Peckham-Gregory Minh Ton Karen R. Rabin Heather E. Danysh Michael E. Scheurer Philip J. Lupo Acute leukemia is the most common pediatric malignancy. Some studies suggest early-life exposures to air pollution increase risk of childhood leukemia. Therefore, we explored the association between maternal residential prox...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Elda Pereira Noronha1†, Luísa Vieira Codeço Marques1†, Francianne Gomes Andrade1, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler2, Eugênia Terra-Granado1, Maria S. Pombo-de-Oliveira1*† and the Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Acute Leukemia‡ 1Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Program, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2Clinical Research Division, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a biologically heterogeneous malignancy, which reflects distinctive stages ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion This case demonstrates successful cure of pre-B-ALL complicating XLA by alloSCT with restoration of B-cell development and functional antibody response. We are aware of only one previous case of pre-B-ALL in an XLA patient (21), which suggests that human BTK deficiency in itself does not predispose to pre-B-ALL. However, there are data to suggest that BTK may act as a tumor suppressor, and BTK deficiency may predispose to tumor development following a “second hit.” Mice with a genetic deficiency in Slp65, a gene encoding an adaptor protein that functions together with BTK, have a block in progenito...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we have shown the safety and efficacy of Vemurafenib in a pediatric patient with DS affected by PXA. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital. Informed Consent The authors declare that written informed consent was obtained from the pat...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: CAR T cell therapies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of harnessing our body's own defenses to combat tumor cells. Similar research is being conducted on lesser known modifications and gene-modified immune cells, which we highlight in this review. Introduction Chimeric antigen receptors and engineered T cell receptors (based on previously identified high affinity T cell receptors) function by redirecting T cells to a predefined tumor-specific (or tumor-associated) target. Most of these modifications use retroviral or lentiviral vectors to integrate the construct, and most of the receptors ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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