Efficacy of laparoscopic repeat hepatectomy for recurrent liver cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that LapRH for recurrent liver cancer provides feasible outcomes comparable to those of initial hepatectomy. Further studies, however, are needed to confirm our results. PMID: 31204379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research

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AbstractNivolumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits programmed cell death ‐1 activation. To assess covariate effects on nivolumab clearance (CL), a population pharmacokinetics model was developed using data from 6,468 patients with colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, melanoma, non‐small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, or small cell lung cancer who rec eived nivolumab as monotherapy or in combination with ipilimumab or chemotherapy across 25 clinical studies. Nivolumab CL was similar across the tumor types examined; CL was higher for ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks (by 17%) and 3 mg/kg...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Modi A, Dwivedi S, Roy D, Khokhar M, Purohit P, Vishnoi J, Pareek P, Sharma S, Sharma P, Misra S Abstract Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a novel cytokine secreted by a variety of cells like macrophages, adipocytes, normally expressed in high amounts by placenta. It is also highly expressed in multiple carcinomas like Colon, Breast, Pancreas, Liver, and Ovarian. Several reports on serum GDF-15 as a potential biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of cancer are hampered by the lack of robust data, with large sample size and critical patient recruitment. However, experimental accounts on cancer t...
Source: Growth Factors - Category: Research Tags: Growth Factors Source Type: research
Authors: Mazzone E, Knipper S, Mistretta FA, Palumbo C, Tian Z, Gallina A, Tilki D, Shariat SF, Montorsi F, Saad F, Briganti A, Karakiewicz PI Abstract BACKGROUND: Use of inpatient palliative care (IPC) in the treatment of advanced cancer represents a well-established guideline recommendation. A recent analysis showed that patients with genitourinary cancer benefit from IPC at the second lowest rate among 4 examined primary cancers, namely lung, breast, colorectal, and genitourinary. Based on this observation, temporal trends and predictors of IPC use were examined in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma o...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
AbstractRadioembolization using90Y microspheres (glass or resin) has been introduced as an effective intraarterial therapy for unresectable primary and metastatic liver cancers. Although the basic therapeutic effect of chemoembolization results from ischemia, the therapeutic efficacy of radioembolization comes from radiation. Furthermore, compared with surgical resection and local ablation therapy, radioembolization is available with less limitation on the sites or number of liver cancers. The radioisotope90Y is a β-radiation emitter without γ-radiation, with the emission of secondary bremsstrahlung photons and ...
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Kulasinghe A, Hughes BGM, Kenny L, Punyadeera C Abstract Introduction: Local and distant metastatic disease occurs in approximately half of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients, representing an ongoing cause for treatment failure. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are transient cancer cells which have the capacity to metastasise to distant sites such as the lungs and liver in HNSCC. When metastatic disease is radiographically evident, the patient prognosis is often poor. Therefore, methodologies to assess micrometastatic disease are needed to (1) identify patients likely to develop metastat...
Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Mol Diagn Source Type: research
In this study, we found that miR-452 was highly expressed in both tumor tissue and gastric cancer cells, and could directly target the cancer suppressor gene EPB41L3 3′-UTR. miR-452 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and the S-phase arrest of gastric cancer cells, but EPB41L3 as a downstream target gene of miR-452 reversed such promoting effect. While down-regulation of miR-452 expression significantly inhibited the malignant biological behavior of gastric cancer cells, but this inhibitory effect was reversed by EPB41L3 siRNA. In addition, miR-452 in the gastric cancer xenograft model in nude mice co...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
The objective of this document is to provide evidence-based guidance to assist clinical laboratories in establishing fit-for-purpose PD-L1 biomarker assays that can accurately identify patients with specific tumor types who may respond to specific approved immuno-oncology therapies targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint. These recommendations are issued as 38 Guideline Statements that address (i) assay development for surgical pathology and cytopathology specimens, (ii) reporting elements, and (iii) quality assurance (including validation/verification, internal quality assurance, and external quality assurance). The intent of...
Source: Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology - Category: Chemistry Tags: Hot Topic Source Type: research
AbstractWNT2 acts as a pro-angiogenic factor in placental vascularization and increases angiogenesis in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (ECs) and other ECs. Increased WNT2 expression is detectable in many carcinomas and participates in tumor progression. In human colorectal cancer (CRC), WNT2 is selectively elevated in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), leading to increased invasion and metastasis. However, if there is a role for WNT2 in colon cancer, angiogenesis was not addressed so far. We demonstrate that WNT2 enhances EC migration/invasion, while it induces canonical WNT signaling in a small subset of cells. Kno...
Source: Angiogenesis - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, these results suggest that miR-552 has an oncogenic function in HCC and is a potential biomarker for detecting HCC. PMID: 31656538 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer incidence rate has increased so much that it is the second leading cause of deaths worldwide after cardiovascular diseases. Sensitive and specific biomarkers are needed for an early diagnosis of cancer and in-time treatment. Recent studies have found that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in cancer tumorigenesis. LncRNA P73 antisense RNA 1T (TP73-AS1), also known as KIAA0495 and p53-dependent apoptosis modulator (PDAM), is located in human chromosomal band 1p36.32 and plays a crucial role in many different carcinomas. This review summarizes current findings on the role of TP73-AS1 and its ...
Source: Bioscience Reports - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Biosci Rep Source Type: research
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