ERN as a transdiagnostic marker of the Internalizing-Externalizing Spectrum: a dissociable meta-analytic effect

Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Rita Pasion, Fernando BarbosaAbstractThe comorbidity between discrete clinical diagnosis occurs in higher levels than prevalence rates, indicating that mental disorders are systematically overcategorized. Dimensional models – as the Internalizing-Externalizing Spectrum – claim for a common latent structure of psychopathology. The current meta-analysis aims to evaluate whether the externalizing and internalizing latent factors of the psychopathological spectrum display common and distinctive neurobiological substrates, as unveiled by Error-Related Negativity (ERN) modulation. A systematic search of the literature was conducted and a total of 99 articles (160 studies, N = 8123) were included in the quantitative analysis. A dissociable effect was found: reduced ERN amplitude was observed in externalizing, while increased ERN amplitude was reported in internalizing. Larger effects were documented in all the externalizing dimensions (except for alcohol abuse) and were moderated by frontal electrode sites and tasks requiring inhibition. In internalizing, the overall effect was less robust. Disorder severity and tasks with punishment contingencies moderated the findings, and anxiety and obsessive-compulsive traits were the unique dimensions of internalizing accounting for the ERN increased amplitude. Overall, our findings highlight that ERN reduction int...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study aimed to assess changes following acute and maintenance ketam...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
The year 2020 will go down in history as one of the most devastating in history. Hundreds of thousands have died and millions have been hospitalized due to the novel coronavirus pandemic. COVID-19 has changed the lives of so many. No matter where you live, dealing with the effects of economic and physical lockdowns in a community leads to multiple mental health challenges. After months of living with the coronavirus, many people are getting tired, burned out, and more and more frustrated. In America, we face a particular challenge. Our federal government has chosen to take a backseat during the pandemic. Instead of leadin...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Psychology Research coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: These findings are discussed in terms of the development of specialized treatments to specifically target cannabis use coping motives among individuals with comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder and cannabis misuse. PMID: 32767907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
  What is the link between addiction and mental illness? Is addiction a choice? In today’s Not Crazy podcast, Gabe and Lisa discuss whether addiction should be classified as a disease and whether or not it should require medical treatment. Gabe also shares his personal story of addiction and how it tied in with his bipolar disorder. What’s your take? Tune in for an in-depth discussion which covers every angle of this often controversial topic. (Transcript Available Below) Please Subscribe to Our Show: And We Love Written Reviews!  About The Not Crazy podcast Hosts Gabe Howard is an award-winning...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction General Mental Health and Wellness Not Crazy Podcast Recovery Source Type: blogs
(CNN) — Weekly sessions of yoga may ease depressive symptoms in people with other mental health issues, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing research. “This is a great result to now encourage people who might be thinking about trying yoga that there’s some scientific evidence that it can be effective for helping reduce depressive symptoms,” said exercise physiologist and study author Jacinta Brinsley, a doctoral candidate at the University of South Australia. Depression is often associated with other mental health conditions. For example, 20 to 40% of people diagnosed with ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Yoga Source Type: news
Credit: Gopen Rai/NEPALI TIMES ARCHIVEBy Sonia AwaleApr 26 2020 (IPS) The number of Nepalis suffering from mental health issues is increasing with the prolonged COVID-19 lockdown, and the lack of treatment and counselling means the country may be facing an epidemic of psychosocial disorders. Mental health is a hidden pre-existing crisis in Nepal because of social stigma, with a survey three years ago showing that a shocking 37% of the population suffered from some form of mental health problem. “During a time of a disaster or an epidemic, anxiety disorder, phobia, obsessive compulsive tendencies a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Headlines Health Coronavirus Source Type: news
Conclusion: The knowledge of factors that impact on treatment adherence can be useful for clinicians to guide patient-centred care. PMID: 32295226 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Abstract While facets of both anxiety and impulsivity appear central to the development and maintenance of bulimia nervosa (BN), specific BN behaviors may be propagated by differing profiles of risk. The current study examined associations between dimensions of anxiety and impulsivity and BN symptoms (binge eating, vomiting, laxative misuse, driven exercise), both in terms of the presence of such behaviors and their frequency. Two hundred and four women (Mage = 25.7 years) who met DSM-IV criteria for full or subthreshold BN completed self-report measures of perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perf...
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results mirror findings from twin research and indicate that OCD, BDD, and HD share liability that is significantly associated with internalizing symptoms, but this liability may be relatively less important for BFRBs. Further research is needed to better examine the associations between BFRBs and addictive disorders. PMID: 32138800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Going through alcohol withdrawal can be an uncomfortable experience. Fortunately there are medical interventions that can ease the symptoms of detox as well as help individuals along their journey through recovery. Medically assisted treatment (MAT) is the use of medications in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies, which is effective in the treatment of substance abuse and can help some people to sustain recovery. Medically assisted treatment for alcohol can help people recovering from alcohol use disorder by blocking cravings, avoiding relapse, and helping to rewire the brain’s chemistry. Medication...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol detox drug detox medical detox medicated-assisted detox Source Type: blogs
More News: Alcoholism | Anxiety | Brain | Men | Neurology | Neuroscience | Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Study