The extent, nature, and pathogenic consequences of helminth polyparasitism in humans: A meta-analysis

ConclusionsOur findings confirm that helminth polyparasitism and co-infection with major diseases is common in the tropics. A multitude of factors acting at various hierarchical levels, such as interspecies interactions at the within-host infra-parasite community level and environmental variables at the higher host community level, could explain the observed positive associations between pathogens; there remains a need to develop new frameworks which can consider these multilevel factors to better understand the processes structuring parasite communities to accomplish their control.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe result showed that sampling region, fish status, fish species and sampling month were the main factors influencing infection rate. Regulations or guidelines are urgent in China for the control of Anisakis spp. infection in marine fish.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Khairnar H, Ingle M, Chauhan S, Pipalia N, Sawant P, Pandey V, Shukla A Abstract Introduction: Computed Tomography of abdomen frequently shows bowel wall thickening with different grades and characteristic of thickening. The correlation of bowel wall thickening (BWT) with endoscopic findings is not well described in Indian population. Therefore we did this study to determine the correlation of BWT with endoscopic findings. Methods: Its Prospective single center study with 85 Consecutive patients with age group more than 12 years with CT scan abdomen showing bowel wall thickening were included in the st...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Luca Villa, Maria Teresa ManfrediAbstractThe zoonotic protozoa Toxoplasma gondii is one of the major abortive pathogens in small ruminants. Nevertheless, data on T. gondii infection in goats during lactation and on the presence of T. gondii in goat milk are lacking. A longitudinal study was planned in a T. gondii naturally infected dairy goat farm with the aim of (i) evaluating the variation of anti-T. gondii antibodies in blood and milk during the lactation; (ii) identifying the ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Blastocystis ST1 was the most prevalent subtype in TB patients and there was no difference between Blastocystis isolates from TB and non-TB human subjects. PMID: 31300114 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
J, Domínguez-Bernal G Abstract HisAK70 candidates have successfully been tested in cutaneous (CL) and visceral leishmaniosis (VL) mouse models. Here, we analyse different biomarkers in dog trials after a heterologous immunization strategy with a HisAK70 candidate (plasmid DNA plus adoptive transfer of peripheral blood-derived dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with the same pathoantigen and CpG ODN as an adjuvant) to explore the antileishmanial activity in an ex vivo canine co-culture system in the presence of Leishmania infantum parasites. In the canine model, the heterologous HisAK70 vaccine could decrease the...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
Abhijit A. Ambegaonkar1, Satoshi Nagata2, Susan K. Pierce1* and Haewon Sohn1* 1Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, United States 2Center for Drug Design Research, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Osaka, Japan Malaria is a deadly infectious disease associated with fundamental changes in the composition of the memory B cell (MBC) compartment, most notably a large expansion of T-bet+ MBCs, termed atypical MBCs. However, we know little about the precursors of atypical MBCs and the conditi...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Future Directions The ECM model has produced a wealth of information on CM pathogenesis in mice with the aim to find an adjunctive therapy for HCM but its validity has been questioned. However, several investigators have provided a critical and evidence-based defense of this model (17, 128–131) and from knowledge gained from it, numerous laboratories have tested preclinical therapeutic interventions. Many have demonstrated efficacy at blocking the development of ECM but disappointingly, in a majority of cases, this was only found when administered before or early post infection and prior to the onset ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Jeffrey G. Shaffer1*, Frances J. Mather1, Mamadou Wele2, Jian Li1, Cheick Oumar Tangara2, Yaya Kassogue2, Sudesh K. Srivastav1, Oumar Thiero2, Mahamadou Diakite2, Modibo Sangare2, Djeneba Dabitao2, Mahamoudou Toure2, Abdoulaye A. Djimde2, Sekou Traore2, Brehima Diakite2, Mamadou B. Coulibaly2, Yaozhong Liu1, Michelle Lacey3, John J. Lefante1, Ousmane Koita2, John S. Schieffelin4, Donald J. Krogstad1 and Seydou O. Doumbia2 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States 2Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, Un...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, we hope that this review brings about a new and more in-depth understanding of the part that Leishmania exosomes and various infectious agents play in the context of host-parasite interactions, with a particular focus on the establishment of infection. Future research in this field of investigations is critical for the development of new vaccine and diagnostic tools. Author Contributions The first draft was done by MO. AF and GD added new information. Funding Research in MO laboratory is supported by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (grant number: PJT-159765) and the Natural Sciences and Enginee...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
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