Relationship between vaping and smoking among 15-year-olds in high school. Results of a descriptive cross-sectional and monocentric observational study conducted in the metropolitan area of Saint- Étienne.

This study focuses on the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among teenagers and its connection with the consumption of tobacco. METHODS: A cross-sectional and monocentric study was conducted in the spring of 2018 and included 1435 students (15-16years old) from the metropolitan area of Saint-Étienne in France. RESULTS: Nearly half of the adolescents experimented with e-cigarettes (50.30%) or tobacco (50.40%). Nearly a quarter are vapers (23.60%) or smokers (28.20%), with low daily use (3.65% for vaping and 9.40% for smoking). In regard to the link between smoking and vaping, 64.85% of adolescents are "non-smokers and non-vapers", 17.60% "smokers and vapers", 11.25% "smokers and non-vapers", and 6.30% "non-smokers and vapers". DISCUSSION: The portrait-types of the vaper and the smoker are similar: boy rather than girl, educated in private school rather than public, and enrolled in a vocational rather than a general educational course. On one hand, the use of electronic cigarettes in non-smoking adolescents does not appear to be a major mode of entry into smoking or nicotine addiction. On the other hand, the use of electronic cigarettes among adolescent's smokers seems to have a beneficial effect on their smoking habit (stopping or reducing the consumption of tobacco). PMID: 31202601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

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Authors: Koller G, Schwarzer A, Halfter K, Soyka M Abstract Introduction: Opioid addiction is a worldwide disease with a significant impact. A multitude of physical and mental comorbidities are associated with opioid addiction, pain being one of the most relevant. Insufficient pain management may lead to a disruption in medical treatment, self-medication, and subsequent harm to patients. Areas covered: In this review, the authors provide a general overview of opioid addiction. A literature search for pain management and opioid maintenance treatment was conducted. Different settings of acute or chronic pain and situ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Alcoholism Disorders Publishers Recovery Substance Abuse The Fix alcohol use disorder sober sober curious Sobriety substance use disorder Source Type: blogs
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Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Alcohol Use Disorder;   Couples;   Behavior, Addictive Interventions:   Behavioral: PartnerCHESS;   Behavioral: A-CHESS Sponsors:   University of Wisconsin, Madison;   University of Massachusetts, Worcester Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Smoking (Tobacco) Addiction Interventions:   Behavioral: Exercise condition;   Behavioral: Healthy diet condition Sponsor:   The University of Hong Kong Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Alcohol Use Disorder;   Couples;   Behavior, Addictive Interventions:   Behavioral: PartnerCHESS;   Behavioral: A-CHESS Sponsors:   University of Wisconsin, Madison;   University of Massachusetts, Worcester Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Smoking (Tobacco) Addiction Interventions:   Behavioral: Exercise condition;   Behavioral: Healthy diet condition Sponsor:   The University of Hong Kong Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Opioid Abuse and Addiction Intervention:   Other: MBC4OUD Sponsors:   University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center;   National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Alcohol Use Disorder;   Couples;   Behavior, Addictive Interventions:   Behavioral: PartnerCHESS;   Behavioral: A-CHESS Sponsors:   University of Wisconsin, Madison;   University of Massachusetts, Worcester Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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