Lung abscess: Diagnosis and management.

[Lung abscess: Diagnosis and management]. Rev Mal Respir. 2019 Jun 12;: Authors: Feki W, Ketata W, Bahloul N, Ayadi H, Yangui I, Kammoun S Abstract Lung abscesses are necrotic cavitary lesions of the lung parenchyma. They are usually caused by anaerobic bacteria or mixed flora and typically occur after aspiration. Primary lung abscesses occur in previously healthy patients with no underlying medical disorders and are usually solitary. Secondary lung abscesses occur in patients with underlying or predisposing conditions and may be multiple. The initial diagnosis is usually made by chest radiography showing a lung cavity with an air-fluid level. Typically, the cavity wall is thick and irregular, and a surrounding pulmonary infiltrate is often present. The differential diagnosis of pulmonary cavitation is wide, including different types of possible infections, neoplasia and malformations of the bronchial tree. Management is usually based on prolonged antibiotic treatment. Failure of conservative management, manifested by the persistence of sepsis and/or other abscess complications, may necessitate drainage with invasive techniques (percutaneous, endoscopic or surgical) or open surgical removal of the lung lesion in patients with good performance status and sufficient respiratory reserve. PMID: 31202603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

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Artis zee and Artis Q/ Q.zen Interventional Fluoroscopic X-Ray System with patient tables as follows: Systems Material Number Artis zee biplane 10094141; Artis Q floor 10848280; Artis Q biplane 10848282; Artis Q.zen floor 10848353; Artis Q.zen biplane 10848355; Artis zee ceiling 10094137; Artis Q ceiling 10848281; Artis Q zeego 10848283 ArtisQ.zen ceiling 10848354 Product Usage: Artis is a family of dedicated angiography systems developed for single and biplane diagnostic imaging and interventional procedures including, but not limited to, pediatric and obese patients. Procedures that can be performed with t...
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Comment on "Pregnancy Screening before Diagnostic Radiography in Emergency Department; an Educational Review". Arch Acad Emerg Med. 2019;7(1):e23 Authors: Bijwaard H, Wit F PMID: 31432033 [PubMed]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of QDR in this regard. Method: This diagnostic accuracy study was conducted on patients with shoulder dislocation visiting the emergency department. After filling out the QDR-based checklist for all patients, they underwent radiography and the obtained radiography results were compared to QDR-based clinical diagnostic findings. Results: 143 patients with the mean age of 32.1±12 years were evaluated (88.8% males). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of QDR were 50%, 58.2%, 3.3%, and 97.6%, respectively. The sensitivity an...
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Web Exclusive Content: Research Letters Source Type: research
Conclusions: The Cobb angle and AVR are crucial measurements that help evaluate the treatment efficacy in AIS with small curves who undergo brace treatment. HRQOL and pelvic axial rotation are not influenced by the brace treatment. PMID: 31434463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
This study will investigate two types of preformed pediatric crowns for the management of severe decay on primary molars. The results may help practitioners choose the better therapeutic option and to explain to parents the advantages and disadvantages of these two therapies.Trial registrationNCT03296709. Registered on  27 September 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionWhile rib osteomyelitis is rare, imaging findings of lytic changes at the costochondral junction combined with a history of fever, elevated inflammatory markers or localized soft-tissue swelling in the chest should raise suspicion for this disease.
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Qu M, Zhu S, Hu Z, Li Y, Abotaleb B, Bi R, Jiang N Abstract BACKGROUND: Surgical guiding templates provided a reliable way to transfer the simulation to the actual operation. However, there was no template designed for anterior segmental osteotomy so far. The study aimed to introduce and evaluate a set of 3D rapid prototyping surgical templates used in anterior segmental osteotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From August 2015 to August 2017, 17 patients with bimaxillary protrusions were recruited and occlusal-based multi-sectional templates were applied in the surgeries. The cephalometric analysis and 3D sup...
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Kendall M. Lawrence, Matthew Iyer, Prerana Baranwal, Aliza Solomon, Nitsana A. SpiglandAbstractIngestion of neodymium magnets carries risks of dangerous intestinal complications including necrosis of the intestinal wall, bowel perforation, enteroenteric fistulae, and even death. Prompt endoscopic or surgical removal can prevent these complications. Here we report a case of unwitnessed ingestion of 19 neodymium magnets that went unrecognized for two weeks before presenting with small bowel obstruction due to a phytob...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Ameloblastoma in the tibia is rare. Limb reconstruction after tumor resection is challenging in terms of selection of the operative method. Here, we report a case of radical resection of an ameloblastoma in the mid-distal tibia combined with limb salvage using a three-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis replacement, with 1-year follow-up results. After receiving local institutional review board approval, a titanium alloy prosthesis was designed using a computer and manufactured with 3D-printing technology. During the operation, the stem of the prosthesis was inserted closely into the proximal tibial medul...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
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