Spontaneous lung volume reduction following pneumonia in a patient with emphysema.

CONCLUSION: Rarely, emphysematous bullae resolve following infections. Further studies of the mechanisms involved in these natural regressions may be of interest in the development of new therapeutics. PMID: 31202604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

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J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693450There is a paucity of literature comparing the relative merits of open arthrotomy versus arthroscopy for the surgical treatment of septic knee arthritis. The primary goal of this study is to compare the risk of perioperative complications between these two surgical techniques. To this end, 560 patients treated for septic arthritis of the native knee with arthroscopy were statistically matched 1:1 with 560 patients treated with open arthrotomy. The outcome measures included major complications, minor complications, mortality, inpatient hospital charges, and length of stay (LOS). Major ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Indium is mainly used as indium-tin oxide (ITO), which has a unique character of transparency, and is a requisite in making liquid crystal displays. Pulmonary toxicity of indium compounds in humans were not recognized until the last 2 decades. Several initial human cases of indium-related lung disease, named indium lung, were reported in Japan, with their main pathologic findings being interstitial pneumonia, emphysema and cholesterol crystals-containing granulomas. In 2010, three cases with alveolar proteinosis were reported from the United States and China. As of March 2019, more than 10 cases of inters...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Purpose of review Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) was developed in Japan as a less invasive treatment for esophageal achalasia requiring general anesthesia under positive pressure ventilation. In 2018, the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society published the first guidelines describing the standard care for POEM. Based on these guidelines, we discuss the typical approach to anesthesia during POEM for the management of esophageal achalasia in Japan. Recent findings Prior cleansing of the esophagus is essential to prevent both aspiration during induction of anesthesia and contamination of the mediastinum and thor...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: NONOPERATING ROOM ANESTHESIA: Edited by Mark S. Weiss Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CPET may greatly facilitate the diagnosis of unexplained dyspnoea. More than 50% of the dyspnoea cases examined here were due to deconditioning or hyperventilation syndrome and would benefit from a simple pulmonary rehabilitation program. PMID: 31204232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the active components of YYQFT and elucidate the underlying mechanism on non-small cell lung cancer. First, YYQFT was extracted with different solvents, and then the most effective extract was determined by assessing their effects on non-small cell lung cancer cell growth. Second, several active compounds from YYQFT were identified, and quercetin was the one of the important active ingredients. Subsequently, the in vivo antitumor activity of quercetin was confirmed in a lung cancer xenograft model in mice. 200 μ g/mL quercetin significantly reduced tumor volume without affecting body weight ...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Mamta Choudhary, Binod Kumar Choudhary, Ratan Chandra Ghosh, Smita Bhoyar, Sandeep Chaudhari, Sukhadeo B. BarbuddheAbstractIn the present study, the spectrum of bacterial pathogens in the nasal shedding during disease process and in pneumonic lungs of dead animals was studied. A total of 288 clinical samples from cattle and buffaloes comprising of nasal swabs, blood, tracheal swabs, heart blood and lung tissue samples were collected from diseased (n = 190) and dead animals (n = 98). The recovered bacterial isolates were character...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2019Source: Respiratory InvestigationAuthor(s): Yuri Tachibana, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Kensuke Kataoka, Naoki Hamada, Toshihiro Hashiguchi, Kazuya Ichikado, Tomoo Kishaba, Shuntaro Sato, Emiko Udo, Mikiko Hashisako, Junya FukuokaAbstractBackgroundPulmonary interstitial emphysema is a rare, abnormal condition in which air pressure from the alveolar airspace tears the adjacent interstitial tissues of the lung and causes the formation of cystic spaces. Pulmonary interstitial emphysema is a known indication for mechanical ventilation in premature infants with neonatal r...
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionPrompt diagnosis with thoracic drainage and a damage control treatment plan might lead to good prognosis for patients with this rare and potentially fatal condition.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: Serum concentration and alleleic conformation of SFTPD has a significantly high predictive value for COPD and AECOPD. Thus, these can be tested further and could be applied as a predictive or prognostic marker. Introduction Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) affects lungs and exhibits irreversible airflow conditions that leads to improper respiratory function (Carolan et al., 2014). COPD is a global disease burden which accounts for ~3 million deaths annually (Zemans et al., 2017) and is responsible for the increase in worldwide mortality and morbidity (Dickens et al., 2011). Chronic Obstructi...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
AbstractThe lung acinus is the most distal portion of the airway responsible for the gas exchange. The normal acini are not visible on conventional computed tomography (CT), but the advent of micro-CT improved the understanding of the microarchitecture of healthy acini. The comprehension of the acinar architecture is pivotal for the understanding of CT findings of diseases that involve the acini. Centriacinar emphysema, for example, presents as round areas of low attenuation due to the destruction of the most central acini with compensatory enlargement of proximal acini due to alveolar wall destruction. In pulmonary fibros...
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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