Cardiopulmonary exercise testing for the diagnosis of unexplained dyspnea: a review of 194 cases.

CONCLUSIONS: CPET may greatly facilitate the diagnosis of unexplained dyspnoea. More than 50% of the dyspnoea cases examined here were due to deconditioning or hyperventilation syndrome and would benefit from a simple pulmonary rehabilitation program. PMID: 31204232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

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Abstract Humoral immunological defects are frequent and important causes of hypogammaglobulinemia, leading to recurrent infections, autoimmunity, allergies, and neoplasias. Usually, its onset occurs in childhood or during the second and third decades of life; however, the diagnosis is made, on average, 6 to 7 years afterwards. As a consequence, antibody defects can lead to sequelae. Here we describe the clinical-laboratory characteristics, treatment, and prognoses of patients with hypogammaglobulinemia. An observational, cross-sectional, and retrospective study of patients attending the recently established outpat...
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
Smoke-measuring smart shirts, breath sound analyzing algorithms, and smart inhalers pave the way of pulmonology and respiratory care into the future. As the number of patients suffering from asthma, COPD, or lung cancer due to rising air pollution and steady smoker-levels will unfortunately not decrease any time soon, we looked around what technology can do to help both patients and caregivers. The results are breathtaking. Attacks of breathlessness are too common The diseases which pulmonologists and respiratory care specialists attempt to fight are among the most common conditions in the modern world – and t...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers AI asthma cancer cancer treatment care COPD diagnostics inhaler lung lung cancer management medical specialty pulmonology respiratory respiratory care Source Type: blogs
Pulmonary cysts are frequently encountered at thoracic computed tomography, often incidentally detected. For patients older than 40 years of age, a few pulmonary cysts found at thoracic computed tomography can be a normal finding. The etiologies of pulmonary cysts are numerous, and cysts should be distinguished from other focal lucent lung lesions, such as the numerous causes of cavitary lung disease, bronchiectasis, honeycombing, and emphysema. When pulmonary cysts are encountered in older children or adult patients, a number of specific disorders, collectively referred to as diffuse cystic lung diseases, merit considerat...
Source: Clinical Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Pulmonary Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Lung cysts are commonly seen on computed tomography (CT), and cystic lung diseases show a wide disease spectrum. Thus, correct diagnosis of cystic lung diseases is a challenge for radiologists. As the first diagnostic step, cysts should be distinguished from cavities, bullae, pneumatocele, emphysema, honeycombing, and cystic bronchiectasis. Second, cysts can be categorized as single/localized versus multiple/diffuse. Solitary/localized cysts include incidental cysts and congenital cystic diseases. Multiple/diffuse cysts can be further categorized according to the presence or absence of associated radiolog...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
This study focused on the research of lung lesions in sheep slaughtered in the slaughterhouse of Batna city (Eastern Algeria). The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of lung lesions during the period from March to September 2013. Macroscopic examination was performed at the slaughterhouse to determine lung lesions and to take samples from injured lung areas for microscopic examination of anatomo-pathological lesions. Among 7420 inspected sheep, 2722 had pulmonary lesions (alone or in combination). The overall prevalence of lung affection was 36.68% (2722/7420), which is statistically significant (P 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionA case of tension pneumoperitoneum probably caused by high-frequency oscillatory ventilation was reported. Awareness of this condition should be included in the differential diagnosis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pneumonia, and a history of thoracic surgery, might have an increased post-acupuncture risk of pneumothorax. This information may possibly help physicians avoid post-acupuncture pneumothorax. PMID: 31433202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
AbstractCigarettes are well-recognized risk factors responsible for the emergence of a variety of pathologic conditions affecting both the airways and the lungs. Smoking-related lung diseases can be classified as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and several types of interstitial diseases, such as pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, bronchiolitis, desquamative interstitial pneumonitis, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, and interstitial fibrosing lung diseases. The evidence of combined lower lung fibrosis and predominant upper lung emphysema is renowned as a distinct clinical entity, named combined pulmonary fib...
Source: Insights into Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In mice, cigarette-smoke increased pulmonary GM-CSF and AM proliferation, chronically increased pulmonary GM-CSF recapitulated the cardinal features of DIP, including AM accumulation, emphysema, secondary polycythemia, and increased mortality. Results suggest pulmonary GM-CSF may be involved in the pathogenesis of DIP. PMID: 31310562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693450There is a paucity of literature comparing the relative merits of open arthrotomy versus arthroscopy for the surgical treatment of septic knee arthritis. The primary goal of this study is to compare the risk of perioperative complications between these two surgical techniques. To this end, 560 patients treated for septic arthritis of the native knee with arthroscopy were statistically matched 1:1 with 560 patients treated with open arthrotomy. The outcome measures included major complications, minor complications, mortality, inpatient hospital charges, and length of stay (LOS). Major ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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