Association of a genetic variant in AKT1 gene with features of the metabolic syndrome

Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: Genes &DiseasesAuthor(s): Fateme Sadat Eshaghi, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Sakine Kazami Nooreini, Ameneh Timar, Habibollah Esmaeily, Mehrane Mehramiz, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour-MobarhanAbstractMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of metabolic abnormalities that is associated with increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There is growing body of data showing the associations of genetic variants of the genes involved in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway with diabetes and obesity. We aimed to investigate the association between MetS and its components with the genetic polymorphism in AKT1, rs1130233 (T>C). Total of 618 participants, recruited from Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerosis disorder cohort (MASHAD study). Patients with MetS were defined by using international diabetes federation (IDF) criteria (n=326) and those without MetS (n=261) were recruited. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured in all subjects. Genetic analysis for the rs1130233 polymorphism was performed, using the ABI-StepOne instruments with SDS version-2.0 software. Individuals with MetS had a significantly higher levels of BMI, waist-circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high sensitivity-c reactive protein (hs-CRP) and blood-pressure, and lower concentrations of high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), compared to non-MetS individuals (PC) polymorphism was associated with major components of MetS suc...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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ConclusionWe propose PRIP as a new therapeutic target for controlling obesity or developing novel anti-obesity drugs.
Source: Journal of Oral Biosciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, the impaired in situ activity of RyR2 may also account for the poor overall cardiac outcome reported in MetS patients; hence, the SERCA pump and RyR2 are both attractive potential targets for future therapies. Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of biochemical and physiological risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2); it represents a severe public health problem around the world (Alberti et al., 2009). Risk factors for MetS include obesity (particularly central obesity), elevated triglyceride (TG) levels, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
(CNN) — Whether you eat breakfast might be linked with your risk of dying early from cardiovascular disease, according to a new study. Skipping breakfast was significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular-related death, especially stroke-related death, in the study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology on Monday. After a person’s age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, diet, lifestyle, body mass index and disease status were taken into account, the study found that those who never had breakfast had a 87% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality compared with people who h...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Heart Disease Source Type: news
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study shows that a higher burden of liver steatosis seems to be associated with less severe stroke and better functional outcome after ischemic stroke or TIA. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a spectrum of diseases from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis with varying degree of fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis (1, 2). NAFLD is becoming the most common chronic liver disease worldwide including Korea, affecting approximately 25% of the general population (3, 4). NAFLD is closely associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is even recognized as ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur approach identifies salient T2D genetically anchored and physiologically informed pathways, and supports the use of genetics to deconstruct T2D heterogeneity. Classification of patients by these genetic pathways may offer a step toward genetically informed T2D patient management.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Metabolic syndrome comprises a series of health conditions, such as increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess abdominal fat, and altered circulating cholesterol or triglyceride levels. A fast growing number of affected individuals are at an increased risk of heart disease, stroke and type-2 diabetes. Obesity, especially build-up of visceral fat, is a recognized major risk factor for the development of metabolic syndrome. However, our understanding of the mechanistic links and biomarkers that associate visceral fat with the development of conditions underlying metabolic syndrome is still inadequate. In a recent pap...
Source: Biochemical Journal - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research
Conclusion This large, valuable study confirms that – as has long been thought – an increased BMI is linked with an increased risk of heart disease. It shows that people with an obese BMI had a higher risk of heart disease, even if they didn't have other risk factors like high cholesterol and high blood pressure, proving that body fat is an independent risk factor. That said, this study does have some limitations. For example, definitions of being metabolically unhealthy aren't entirely consistent with other definitions of metabolic syndrome. This was also only assessed at the start of the study, and risk fac...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Source Type: news
In conclusion, documentation is important, a critical part of advocacy and the development process at the larger scale. It isn't just words, but rather a vital structural flow of information from one part of the larger community to another, necessary to sustain progress in any complex field. We would all do well to remember this - and to see that building this documentation is an activity in which we can all pitch in to help. Evidence Suggests that, at Least in Earlier Stages, Alzheimer's Disease Blocks Rather than Destroys Memories https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2017/07/evidence-suggests-that-at-least-in-ea...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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