Increased Prevalence of Celiac Disease in School-age Children in Italy
Celiac disease is one of the most common diseases worldwide, with an apparent trend of increasing prevalence. We investigated the prevalence of celiac disease in children in Italy in 2015 –2016 and compared that with data from 25 years ago.
Condition: Celiac Disease in Children Interventions: Diagnostic Test: anti-tissue transglutaminase group; Diagnostic Test: biopsy group Sponsor: Assiut University Not yet recruiting
Is measurement of gluten immunogenic peptides in stool useful as a marker of gluten-free diet adherence in children newly diagnosed with celiac disease?Alimentary Pharmacology &Therapeutics
Conditions: Non-celiac Gluten Sensitivity; Irritable Bowel Syndrome Interventions: Dietary Supplement: diet containing gluten; Dietary Supplement: Placebo Sponsor: University of Bari Recruiting
Authors: Ramosaj-Morina A, Burek Kamenaric M, Azemi M, Spahiu L, Grubic Z, Zunec R Abstract Genetic predisposition to celiac disease (CD) is strongly associated with the presence of HLA alleles in the individual genotype encoding HLA-DQ2 and/or HLA-DQ8 heterodimers. The main aim of this study was to analyze the HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, and -DQ allele and five-locus haplotype frequencies in 60 Albanian pediatric CD patients and 124 non-CD children from Kosovo. The most prevalent haplotype in patients was the ancestral AH 8.1 haplotype present in 22.5% of the cases compared to 2.8% of the controls (P
Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and Graves’ disease (GD), tend to aggregate with other non-thyroidal autoimmune diseases (NTADs). Aim of this Mini-review is to report the most recent insights concerning the clustering of NTADs in pediatric patients with either HT or GD, the pathophysiology of AITDs and the metamorphic thyroid autoimmunity. A systematic literature research of the last fifteen years, according to EQUATOR statement, was carried out through MEDLINE via PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, based on the following ...
PMID: 31299883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Liu B, Zhang Q, Wu X, Fu Y, Wang H, Guan Y, Yang S, Liu Y, Cao W, Wang J Abstract Postoperative peritoneal adhesions (PPAs) constitute a common complication of abdominal surgery with a high incidence. Bletilla striata (BS) is an important hemostatic drug used in China for nearly 2000 years. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Bletilla striata on postoperative intestinal adhesion in rats. PPA was induced by cecal wall abrasion, and Bletilla striata was injected to observe its effect on adhesion in rats. The adhesion and inflammation score were assessed through visual observation and h...
Conclusion: The prevalence of biopsy-proven CD among T1DM patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (12.0%) was double the global prevalence (6.0%), and much higher than the normal Saudi population (1.4%). The female-to-male ratio (2:1) of CD patients in T1DM was the same as in the normal population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. No significant difference was detected between the reported serologically-proven rates and the reported biopsy-proven rates (p=0.093). PMID: 31287124 [PubMed - in process]
-- Celiac disease is an overactive immune system disorder affecting about 1 in 100 people worldwide, says the Celiac Disease Foundation. People with celiac disease may well damage their intestines by eating foods that contain gluten. Currently, the...
CONCLUSIONS: school menus adapted for children conform to the recommendations, although they should be limited to intake. PMID: 31291737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]