Icymi: in case you missed it
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Background: Many of those aging with HIV suffer from distal neuropathic pain (DNP) due to HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN). Prior studies have linked chronic pain conditions to a variant of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), Val158Met. This variant confers reduced enzymatic activity and results in higher synaptic dopamine levels. Here we examined the role of Val158Met as a predictor of DNP in HIV-SN. Methods: In 1044 HIV-infected individuals enrolled in CNS HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research, an observational study across six US institutions, we characterized the relationship between Val158Met...
ConclusionsTo date the methods of placebo/sham control and blinding in RCTs have been poorly reported, leading to concerns about the validity and replicability of the findings. Important aspects that need to be clearly reported in the design of placebo ‐/sham‐controlled RCTs of SCS include the transparent reporting of stimulation programming parameters, patient position during perception threshold measurement, management of the patient handheld programmer, frequency of recharging, and assessment of the fidelity of blinding.
ConclusionsOur scoping review found the majority of published articles described chiropractic services in the active duty military in the US setting. Recent RCTs suggest a benefit of including chiropractic care to usual medical care in managing back pain in active duty military. Yet despite reported benefits in Australia, Canada, and the US, there is a need for further qualitative, descriptive, and clinical trial data worldwide to inform the role of chiropractic services in active duty military.
ConclusionThe evidence obtained shows LLLT has a positive effect in controlling diabetic neuropathic pain.
The objectives of this narrative are to (1) describe the key components of a healthy lifestyle for individuals with a TBI, (2) identify the challenges that individuals with TBI face when attempting to establish these health behaviors, and (3) discuss approaches and supports to achieve these health behaviors after TBI, including the role of self-management. PMID: 31296066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Mercadante S, Candido KD Abstract INTRODUCTION: There is a growing recognition of the role of interventional techniques (IT) for the management of cancer pain (CP). However, there are many controversies on how and when to use such techniques. Areas covered: Patients who are unresponsive to systemic opioid analgesics or patients unable to tolerate systemic opioids may benefit from different IT for which the successful use depends on the selection of the right therapy for the right patient. The evidence regarding these techniques is often anecdotal and the potential risks, benefits, alternatives, and complic...
Authors: Ahamed Z R, Shah J, Agarwala R, Kumar-M P, Mandavdhare HS, Gupta P, Singh H, Sharma A, Dutta U, Sharma V Abstract Introduction: Peritoneal tuberculosis is a common type of abdominal tuberculosis. The most commonly used classification divides peritoneal tuberculosis into wet-ascitic type, dry-plastic type and fixed fibrotic type. Areas covered: We performed a systematic literature search on the definitions of existing classification of peritoneal tuberculosis. The literature search identified confusion in the classification of peritoneal tuberculosis. The classification system also fails to classify some pa...
ConclusionHistory of previous malignancy poorly correlates with positive histology. Routine request based on these screening criteria is not cost-effective in patient management.Level of evidencePrognostic level III.
CONCLUSIONS: Data showed compression stockings with 4% gumamela leaf extract ointment application could close VLUs in ⟨ 12 weeks. Applied with compression stockings, the ointment shows potential use in VLU management. PMID: 31298659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the lack of strong evidence regarding wound care in HS, the authors propose the new concept of HS-TIME, based on the TIME wound bed preparation rules, as a new, helpful, easy-to-use tool that may assist physicians in identifying the best wound approach in these patients. PMID: 31298658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]