An Exploratory Trial of Cognitive-Behavioral vs Client-Centered Therapies for Child-Mother Dyads Bereaved from Terrorism

AbstractThe study was an evaluation of Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT; Cohen et al.2017) with child-caregiver dyads who experienced the death of a loved one from terrorism, using a hybrid efficacy/effectiveness design in which there were no required minimum symptom levels. Forty children ages 4 –17 years old whose fathers died in the line of duty on 9/11/2001 and their mothers participated in an RCT comparing TF-CBT and Client-Centered Therapy (CCT). At baseline, mothers’ PTSD, depression, and prolonged grief symptoms were highly elevated, whereas children’s were at normative levels . Using intent-to-treat analysis, condition-by-time interactions showed significantly greater symptom reduction for mothers receiving CBT than those receiving CCT. For the children, both treatments led to significant symptom improvements.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: It is important to evaluate changes in severity of PTSD and its treatment during management of CG, especially when it involves bereaved families experiencing a traumatic accident. PMID: 31327179 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
This article presents recommendations of the Polish Psychiatric Association regarding approach to pregnancy loss and unsuccessful in vitro treatment of infertility. From the psychological perspective pregnancy loss and perinatal death are amongst the most stressful events in human life - carrying increased risk of developing affective, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorders. Psychologists, physicians and the rest of the medical staff should provide integrated and individualized care which should be based on respect, empathy and expertise. The necessary phases of support for women experiencing pregnancy loss are: (1) ph...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
This study examined whether there were differences in levels of depression between Arab and Jewish Israeli female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and how various personal and environmental variables contributed to depression. A total of 303 wome...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital used a 7 Tesla MRI Scanner to capture the most precise and detailed 3-D photo of the brain ever taken, according to  recently published reports. The brain used belonged to a 58-year old woman who died of pneumonia and had no known neurological condition. Her brain was stored for nearly three years before researchers decided to scan it for 100 hours, producing unprecedented images that could zero-in on material that was .1 millimeters wide. The brain was held in a custom-made spheroid case made of urethane, which permitted interfering air bubbles to escape. The ca...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
In this paper, we conduct a literature survey about various virtual reality (VR) treatments in psychiatry. We collect 36 studies that made use of VR to provide clinical trials or therapies for patients with psychiatric disorders. In order to gain a better understanding of the management of pain and stress, we first investigate VR applications for patients to alleviate pain and stress during immersive activities in a virtual environment. Particularly for anxiety, VR exposure therapies are effective in provoking realistic reactions to feared stimuli. On top of that, the exposure therapies with simulated images are beneficial...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Marijuana legalization is in motion: step by step, state by state. Counting Washington, where I live, twelve states have already passed recreational marijuana legislation. At least seven more states, including New York and Minnesota, both traditionally liberal states, are slated for similar legalization in 2019.  While stopping the weed train is unlikely (there are profits to be made in this new frontier), ensuring that its brakes and safety protocols are in working order is imperative. Protections for our most vulnerable populations — adolescents, young adults, and people with mental illness issues — ough...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Medications Professional Stigma Substance Abuse Effects Of Cannabis Legalizing Marijuana Psychosis Stigmatization Substance Use THC Source Type: news
Related to a broader context of historical oppression, Indigenous peoples of the USA are overburdened with the mental health challenges that social workers tend to treat, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide and substance us...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose: to evaluate factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in a sample of hospitalized Lebanese adult males who directly or indirectly were involved in armed conflicts.Design: Cross ‐sectional.Methods: Seventy ‐seven hospitalized males were enrolled between June and December 2016. The Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used to assess anxiety, depression, and PTSD.Results: Participation in war (adjusted odds ratio [ORa]  = 6.35) and depression (ORa = 1.08) were associated with higher PT...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
? Rethinking and Retooling Brain Health and Mental Health from SharpBrains Hoping you enjoy this slidedeck supporting a great discussion held during the 2019 SharpBrains Virtual Summit: The Future of Brain Health (March 7–9th).  Full recordings are available for purchase here. 9–10.30am. How to detect problems early: Examples in Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s, anxiety and PTSD Dr. Srijan Sen, Professor of Depression and Neurosciences at University of Michigan Jan Samzelius, Co-Founder and Chief Scientist of NeuraMetrix Dr. Tony Chang, Associate at Merck V...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Alzheimer’s Disease anxiety brain health early detection Parkinsons PTSD Source Type: blogs
The V.A. was mandated to study the use of service dogs as a mental-health treatment for veterans almost a decade ago. But repeated setbacks have held up the results.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Veterans Service Dogs and Other Animals Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Mental Health and Disorders United States Defense and Military Forces Suicides and Suicide Attempts American Legion Veterans Affairs Department DeSantis, Ron Franken, Source Type: news
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