Image IQ: 40-Year Old Man Presents With Low Back Pain

Can you diagnose this patient with  low back pain, right lower extremity paraesthesias, and incontinence?
Source: Diagnostic Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Image IQ Source Type: news

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AbstractTransverse myelitis is a segmental, full-thickness inflammation of the spinal cord with various etiologies including varicella zoster virus infection. Symptoms can manifest as sensory deficits, severe lower back pain radiating down the legs, bowel/bladder incontinence, and extremity weakness. This case report is unique in that it highlights a patient who developed long-segment transverse myelitis after a varicella zoster virus infection which has not been previously reported in the literature.
Source: Journal of NeuroVirology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDiscogenic low back pain (DLBP) stems from pathology in one or more intervertebral discs identified as the root cause of the pain. It is the most common type of chronic low back pain (LBP), representing 26 –42% of attributable cases.Recent FindingsThe clinical presentation of DLBP includes increased pain when sitting, coughing, or sneezing, and experiencing relief when standing or ambulating. Dermatomal radiation of pain to the lower extremity and neurological symptoms including numbness, motor weakness, and urinary or fecal incontinence are signs of advanced disease with disc prolapse, nerve...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Joueidi Y, Vieillefosse S, Cardaillac C, Mortier A, Oppenheimer A, Deffieux X, Thubert T Abstract INTRODUCTION: The diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscles is common during pregnancy and post-partum. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of this pathology, methods of diagnosis, association with pelvic-perineal disorders and therapies that may be proposed. METHODS: Review of Pubmed, Medline, Embase and Cochrane literature using the following words and MeSH: diastasis, diastasis and pregnancy, diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscle, increase of the inter-recti distance. RESULTS: Among the 12...
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
S, Rodríguez-Salazar A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) caused by lumbar disk extrusion is classically considered an indication of urgent surgery. CES can be subdivided into CESI (incomplete CES) and CESR (complete CES with urinary retention and incontinence). This paper evaluates the long-term functional outcome of a CES cohort operated on due to disk herniation. METHODS: Single-center retrospective observational study. CES patients due to disk herniation that underwent surgery between 2000 and 2016 were included in the study. Demographic data, time intervals to diagnosis and surgery, p...
Source: Neurocirugia - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurocirugia (Astur) Source Type: research
​BY JENNIFER TUONG; IVAN KHARCHENKO; JEAN LUC AGARD; &AHMED RAZIUDDIN, MDA 65-year-old man who had HIV well-controlled with highly active antiretroviral therapy, hypertension, sciatica, and restless leg syndrome presented to the emergency department with left leg pain. He also had had chemotherapy and radiation for anal cancer. The patient said the pain had started 45 minutes earlier when he was sitting on the toilet.He described the pain as sore in quality and 10/10 on the pain scale. He reported that it had started in his lower back and radiated to his left leg. He said he had had no trauma or weakness to the regio...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Abstract Low back pain is usually nonspecific or mechanical. Mechanical low back pain arises intrinsically from the spine, intervertebral disks, or surrounding soft tissues. Clinical clues, or red flags, may help identify cases of nonmechanical low back pain and prompt further evaluation or imaging. Red flags include progressive motor or sensory loss, new urinary retention or overflow incontinence, history of cancer, recent invasive spinal procedure, and significant trauma relative to age. Imaging on initial presentation should be reserved for when there is suspicion for cauda equina syndrome, malignancy, fracture...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
We report a rare case of an 83-year-old male with synchronous occurrence of prostate adenocarcinoma and multiple myeloma. He presented with lower back pain and incontinence of urine for the past 6 months. Routine hematological and biochemical investigations were performed which pointed toward prostate adenocarcinoma. Transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed prostatomegaly along with osteolytic lesions in the skull and vertebrae. Prostate biopsy was performed and adenocarcinoma was confirmed. To rule out metastatic deposits in the bone and to rule out bone marrow infiltration, bone marrow aspiration...
Source: Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Indian J Pathol Microbiol Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Lippincott's Bone and Joint Newsletter - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CME Article Source Type: news
SPINAL drain is indicated as a standard of care in open and endovascular thoracic aortic aneurysm repair to protect the spinal cord from ischemic injury and paralysis. Unfortunately, subdural hematoma is a complication of spinal drain that can happen during needle insertion, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and catheter removal. Symptoms of subdural hematoma can manifest as low back pain, muscle weakness, paralysis, bowel or bladder incontinence, orcauda equina syndrome. These sagittal (panel A) and axial (panel B) T1-weighted magnetic resonance images of the lumbar spine demonstrate a subdural hematoma at the L5 to S2 verteb...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsUrogenital symptoms are prevalent in young women, bothersome for some and are associated with LBP, poorer MH and reduced QOL.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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